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Alexandra García-Castro, Astrid Volder, Hermann Restrepo-Diaz, Terri W. Starman and Leonardo Lombardini

subjected to two irrigation treatments, well-watered [irrigation at container capacity (CT)] and reduced irrigation (RI). CT plants were irrigated daily to replenish 100% evapotranspiration (ET), based on estimated daily water loss at the start of the

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Esmaeil Fallahi, Denise Neilsen, Gerry H. Neilsen, Bahar Fallahi and Bahman Shafii

requirement. At the beginning of each season (approximately mid-May), the soil profile was watered to saturation in all irrigation systems. After the initial irrigation, water requirements were determined by calculating ETc (crop evapotranspiration) where ETc

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Julián Miralles-Crespo and Marc W. van Iersel

irrigation, growers should not use timers or make irrigation decisions based on the visual appearance of the substrate or plants ( Nemali et al., 2007 ). Instead, environmental measurements such as evapotranspiration ( Allen et al., 1998 ) and soil or

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Jinmin Fu, Jack Fry and Bingru Huang

Water availability is becoming limited across many areas of the United States. In recent years, deficit irrigation, or application of water at levels less than maximum evapotranspiration (ET) demand, has been practiced as a strategy to minimize

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Bernd Leinauer, Matteo Serena and Devesh Singh

irrigation [98% reference evapotranspiration (ET o )] and at moderate irrigation (56% ET o ). Irrigation was applied through a subsurface drip system (DL2000™; Toro, Riverside, CA) operated at 30 psi and installed at a soil depth of 10 cm. Drip lines were

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Jinmin Fu, Jack Fry and Bingru Huang

Researchers have found that turfgrasses require water in amounts less than evapotranspiration (ET) to maintain acceptable visual quality ( Feldhake et al., 1984 ; Fry and Butler, 1989 ; Fu et al., 2004 ; Qian and Engelke, 1999 ). Deficit

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Ioannis Tsirogiannis, Nikolaos Katsoulas and Constantinos Kittas

avoidance of stress situations ( Raviv and Blom, 2001 ). Irrigation control involves determination of both timing and quantity of each watering event. Methods for irrigation scheduling are usually based on calculation of crop evapotranspiration commonly

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Rangjian Qiu, Taisheng Du, Shaozhong Kang, Renqiang Chen and Laosheng Wu

calculate the daily reference evapotranspiration. The calculated equation was described by Qiu et al. (2013) . Stem sap flow was measured by a Flow 32-1K system (Dynamax, Houston, TX). As a result of the limitation of the sensors (eight sensors in one Flow

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Richard Martinson, John Lambrinos and Ricardo Mata-González

landowners during the course of the study. We measured the water status and growth patterns of four native shrub species, and we tested the association between xylem water potential, monthly evapotranspiration (ET), soil moisture level, and vapor pressure

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Rangjian Qiu, Yuanshu Jing, Chunwei Liu, Zaiqiang Yang and Zhenchang Wang

et al., 2009 ). The quantitative relationship between the fruit quality parameters of hot peppers and the EC e or evapotranspiration, which are useful relationship to know for the management of saline irrigation for high-quality hot pepper production