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another bin for disposal was recorded. For the Paddock Vac, the time to pick up chestnuts and burs, sort them, move the equipment, and dump the burs and other debris was recorded. Nut numbers and their fresh weights were also recorded to calculate the time

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pesticides products with an average of 1.4 pesticides per household. Proper application, handling, and disposal practices are necessary to minimize the impact of pesticides on water quality. Recently, Gilliom et al. (2006) reported the results of a national

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followed by tree removal and disposal to compete the life cycle. Life cycle assessment (LCA) standards were followed, including the International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, Switzerland (ISO, 2006), and PAS 2050 guidelines by BSI (2011

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). Commercial greenhouse floriculture and nursery production is high-intensity and high-input agriculture that is often concentrated in or near urban centers making its production and waste disposal practices visible to the non-farm public ( Berghage et al

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, removal, and disposal of plastic mulch. It is important to note that the herbicide treatment was applied only once over the course of 6 months to determine at which point mulch becomes more effective than a commonly applied herbicide. In this study

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.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), 2009 ]. These crops are commonly grown in plastic containers, which present a significant disposal issue for consumers and the horticulture industry ( Hall et al., 2009 ). Producers of bedding plants may encounter disposal

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municipalities collect ≈290,000 tons of shade tree leaves. If spread as a mulch in a 6-inch layer, this is enough to cover 14,000 acres (nearly 22 square miles). When leaves were banned from disposal facilities, the Rutgers New Jersey Agricultural Experiment

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plants ( Koeser et al., 2014 ). Both the manufacturing and disposal of agricultural plastics exhibit large environmental burdens. Plastics used in agricultural practices are challenging to recycle due to contamination problems or ultraviolet light

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lightweight, easy to ship, and inexpensive ( Helgeson et al., 2009 ). However, the disposal of plastic containers has raised concerns about the sustainability of this product. Today, the primary method of plastic container disposal is still in the landfill

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Wastewater disposal can be challenging for municipalities. Before the 1950s, wastewater was disposed of in bays, lakes, and rivers, which resulted in high levels of pollution [ U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), 1979 ]. In response to

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