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Jose Linares, Johannes Scholberg, Kenneth Boote, Carlene A. Chase, James J. Ferguson and Robert McSorley

Carsky, R.J. Oyewole, B. Tian, G. 2001 Effect of phosphorus application in legume cover crop rotation on subsequent maize in the savanna zone of West Africa Nutr. Cycling Agroecosyst. 59 151 159 Craine, J

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K. Delate, C. Cambardella and A. McKern

through national surveys ( Walz, 2004 ) and statewide focus groups ( Delate and DeWitt, 2004 ), have included soil fertility and pest management strategies. Fertility sources for organic vegetable crops generally include crop rotations and combinations of

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Emily R. Vollmer, Nancy Creamer, Chris Reberg-Horton and Greg Hoyt

success of conservation tillage in organic systems is highly influenced by management of crop rotation for weed and disease control and nitrogen availability. Cover crops used in rotation with cash crops require additional management; however, they also

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Analena B. Bruce, Elizabeth T. Maynard and James R. Farmer

. Most of the farmers were still experimenting to determine which crops grew well in their high tunnels; therefore, their crop rotations had changed over time and were not the same every year. For example, they may have tried fruiting crops such as

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Chieri Kubota, Michael A. McClure, Nancy Kokalis-Burelle, Michael G. Bausher and Erin N. Rosskopf

presumably prevented farmers from continuing traditional crop rotation, vegetable grafting became a crucial tool to overcome soilborne diseases and other pests. In the 1990s, nearly 60% of open fields and greenhouses in Japan producing muskmelon ( Cucumis

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Guangyao Wang and Mathieu Ngouajio

). However, as a result of short-term crop rotations and humid summers, disease incidence and weed infestations have increased, whereas soil fertility has decreased over the years ( Ando and Grumet, 2006 ). Cucumber fruit rot, caused by soilborne diseases

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Joseph N. Wolukau, Xiao-Hui Zhou, Ying Li, Yong-Bin Zhang and Jin-Feng Chen

Vokalounakis, 1983 ). Crop rotations are only partially effective; wind and other agents can easily bring in new inoculum to start new infections ( Tullu et al., 2002 ). This illustrates the necessity to use host resistance in conjunction with good cultural

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Brian A. Mitchell, Mark E. Uchanski and Adriane Elliott

tomato cultivars were assigned randomly. Plants within treatments were spaced 0.3 m apart. In 2017, the experimental design was the same, but the experiment was conducted in an adjacent high tunnel to ensure an adequate crop rotation per certified organic

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Linda Chalker-Scott

any farmer wishing to become biodynamically certified ( Demeter Association, 2013 ). The science behind biodynamic preparations Over the last century, biodynamic agriculture has evolved to include many nonconventional farming practices, such as crop

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Cláudia S. da Costa Ribeiro and Paul W. Bosland

; Oelke et al., 2003 ; Sy et al., 2005 ). Moreover, P. capsici has a broad host range including several crops and weed species ( Lamour et al., 2012 ). Disease control measures include crop rotation, cultural practices, application of fungicides, and