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Neel Kamal, Ashish Saxena, Robert L. Steiner and Christopher S. Cramer

streaks of mycelial growth and black-colored conidia under dry outer scales ( Ko et al., 2002a ; Royal Botanic Gardens and Domain Trust, 2012 ). Eventually, the entire bulb surface turns black, shrivels, and loses quality ( Royal Botanic Gardens and

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R.G. Linderman and E.A. Davis

infected aboveground tissue), thus underscoring the threat that the pathogen could infest media and remain undetected while being disseminated geographically. Growth media potentially infested with this or other soilborne pathogens, along with contaminated

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Antonia Y. Tetteh, Todd C. Wehner and Angela R. Davis

mycelial coverage of the leaves, leaf necrosis, and premature death of the plant ( Davis et al., 2001 ). Powdery mildew of watermelon occurs throughout the southeastern United States, extending north to New York as well as into western states ( Davis et al

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James D. McCreight and Michael D. Coffey

. z CPM infection severity was evaluated once, when fruit of TM were mature: 22 June in 2005 and 17 June in 2009. Infection as evidenced by mycelial growth and sporulation was evaluated on true leaves using a 1 to 9 scale as follows: 1 = no evidence of

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Katherine Bennett, Jared Jent, Uttara C. Samarakoon, Guido Schnabel and James E. Faust

. Elad, Y. 2001 Rose flower production and quality as affected by Ca concentration in the petal Agronomie 21 393 402 Boumaaza, B. Benkhelifa, M. Belkhoudja, M. 2015 Effects of two salts compounds on mycelial growth, sporulation, and spore germination of

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Michelle L. Paynter, Elizabeth Czislowski, Mark E. Herrington and Elizabeth A.B. Aitken

visual ratings taken after 8 weeks. The severity of foliar symptoms was assessed on a 0 to 10 visual disease index, where 0 = plant healthy, with erect growth and full vigor; 1 = plant healthy, with a smaller canopy and moderate vigor; 3 = plant with a

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Xiaoling He, Susan C. Miyasaka, Yi Zou, Maureen M.M. Fitch and Yun J. Zhu

. are no longer classified as fungi. In addition to having diploid mycelial states, they have cell walls composed primarily of a mix of cellulosic compounds and glycan instead of chitin. Recently, Yan et al. (2008) used Fourier transform infrared

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Sophie Rochefort, Yves Desjardins, David J. Shetlar and Jacques Brodeur

promising species to be used with kentucky bluegrass ( Poa pratensis L.), the most extensively planted grass as monostands in northeastern North America ( Turgeon, 1991 ). The aggressive rhizomatous growth habit of kentucky bluegrass provides very dense

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Charles C. Reilly, Bruce W. Wood and Katherine L. Stevenson

consisted of removing by hand every other fruit cluster (i.e., ≈50%) uniformly throughout the canopy during the second week of June, just before the log phase of fruit growth. The “maximum crop-load” stress condition arose from retaining 100% of the natural

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Colleen Kennedy, Tomas N. Hasing, Natalia A. Peres and Vance M. Whitaker

powdery mildew include white, powdery-looking mycelial growth, usually on the lower surface of the leaves, upward curling of the leaf edges, dry and purplish patches on the lower leaf surface, and dark round structures (cleistothecia) embedded in the