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Yanhong Lou, Liang Chen, Qingguo Xu and Xunzhong Zhang

, spike count per plant, and spike weight are major components of plant yield as selection criteria in breeding ( Topal et al., 2004 ). Ebrahimiyan et al. (2012) reported significant genotypic variation in plant height, flag-leaf length, and flag-leaf

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Lívia Lopes Coelho, Amalia Fkiara, Kathryn Kuligowska Mackenzie, Renate Müller and Henrik Lütken

plant growth and development, such as seed germination, stem elongation, leaf expansion, shortening of juvenile phase and floral transitioning, and fruit patterning ( Hedden, 2016 ). Gaskin et al. (1973) observed that the level of gibberellins

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Nihat Guner, Zvezdana Pesic-VanEsbroeck, Luis A. Rivera-Burgos and Todd C. Wehner

) filled with a soil-less mix (Canadian sphagnum peat moss, perlite, vermiculite, processed pine bark). Plants were fertilized weekly with 150 mg·kg −1 Peters Professional 20–20–20 N–P–K (Scotts-Sierra Horticultural Products Company, Marysville, OH). We

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Paola Crinò, Chiara Lo Bianco, Youssef Rouphael, Giuseppe Colla, Francesco Saccardo and Antonino Paratore

. Inoculation tests. For the race 1,2 of FOM , artificial inoculations were performed under controlled conditions (24 ± 1 °C; 16 h light/8 h dark) on 15 plantlets per genotype at the first-true-leaf stage. Plants were arranged in a completely randomized

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David Sotomayor-Ramírez, Miguel Oliveras-Berrocales and Linda Wessel-Beaver

) was transplanted 15 Apr. 2013 at the two-leaf stage. Tropical pumpkin was planted in the same experimental area used for onion except that in each section of nine beds, the two outside beds were not planted, as done commercially to permit mechanical

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Adel F. Ahmed, Hongjun Yu, Xueyong Yang and Weijie Jiang

water management necessary. Pepper is among the most sensitive horticultural plants to deficit irrigation because of the wide range of transpiring leaf surface, high stomatal conductance ( Alvino et al., 1994 ), and its shallow root system ( Dimitrov and

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Timothy K. Broschat

physical conditions in a New York orchard after eight years under different groundcover management systems Plant Soil 234 233 237 Sonsteby, A. Nes, A. Mage, F. 2004 Effects of bark mulch and N–P–K fertilizer on yield, leaf nutrient status, and soil mineral

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Yuyao Kong, Ajay Nemali, Cary Mitchell and Krishna Nemali

. In contrast, a greater proportion of red light in the incident light may be preferred for lettuce production as it increases leaf expansion and shoot growth ( Kang et al., 2016 ; Lee and Kim, 2013 ; Wang et al., 2016 ; Zhang X. et al., 2018 ). Thus

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Wheeler G. Foshee III, Eugene K. Blythe, William D. Goff, Wilson H. Faircloth and Michael G. Patterson

is unlikely to significantly affect tree growth or survival. Literature Cited Bould, C. Jarrett, R.M. 1962 The effect of cover crops and NPK fertilizers on growth, crop yield and leaf nutrient status of young

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Jongtae Lee

, bolted, and doubled onions were culled as unmarketable yield. After measuring plant height (centimeters) and bulb diameter (millimeters), onion plants were separated into the bulb and green leaves, followed by measuring fresh leaf weight (grams/plant) and