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Cucurbit vegetables are predominantly out-crossers and depend on insect pollinators to transfer pollen from staminate to pistillate or hermaphroditic flowers for fruit set and development ( Robinson and Decker-Walters, 1997 ). Although there are

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. citroides and C. lanatus var. lanatus possessing resistance to fusarium wilt and several watermelon viruses. Materials and Methods Mining the Cucurbit expressed sequence tag databases for homologs of genes involved in disease resistance

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Cucurbit downy mildew caused by the oomycete Pseudoperonospora cubensis is economically the most important disease of cucumber ( Cucumis sativus L.) ( Palti and Cohen, 1980 ). Studies on the host range of P. cubensis indicate that ≈20 genera

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(WMV), and zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV)] are transmitted by aphids in a nonpersistent manner and are considered a constant threat to cucurbit crops ( Guner and Wehner, 2008 ; Zitter et al., 1996 ). Efforts to reduce losses caused by these

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subtropical crops, such as species of the Cucurbitaceae ( Raison, 1974 ). Although some plants can withstand cold stress, low temperatures during the production of most summer vegetables such as cucurbits can cause reduced growth, leaf yellowing, and foliar

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as much root tissue. The hypocotyl-only grafting method has not, until now, been successfully performed with consistent success. Based on our data, we conclude that the fatty alcohol treatment overcomes the need for a cotyledon in cucurbit grafting by

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fruit is similar to other cucurbit species, it is comparatively high in ascorbic acid and iron content making it an important food source for improved human health in the countries of its habitation ( Behera, 2004 ). Plant genetic erosion (genetic

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and Hassell, 2010 ). Squash hybrid ( Cucurbita maxima × C. moschata ) and bottle gourd ( Lagenaria siceraria ) rootstocks are among the most commonly used rootstocks for grafting watermelon and other cucurbits because these species are not

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of muskmelon in the eastern half of the United States ( Foster et al., 2005 ). In the Midwest, SCBs overwinter as adults, emerge when temperatures reach 12 to 15 °C, and begin their search for cucurbit hosts. Volatiles produced by the plants attract

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watermelon. For example, Japan has used commercial watermelon grafting since 1927 ( Tateishi, 1927 ), and cucurbit rootstocks in Japan have been well researched. In comparison, commercial grafting in the United States began only in the 1990s ( Kubota, 2016

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