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Xiuxiu Sun, Elizabeth Baldwin, Mark Ritenour, Anne Plotto and Jinhe Bai

of paprika was reported after a prolonged exposure to heat, oxygen, and light ( Topuz et al., 2009 ). β-Carotene: a strongly colored red-orange pigment, abundant in plants and fruits, is used as a colorant for juices and beverages ( Bauernfeind et al

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Carolina A. Torres, Omar Hernandez, Maria A. Moya-León, Ivan Razmilic and David R. Rudell

.3 mg·kg −1 FW per month in average for Chl a and Chl b, respectively). Fig. 5. ( A ) Chlorophyll a, ( B ) chlorophyll b, ( C ) carotenoids:chlorophyll (Car:Chl) ratio, ( D ) total chlorophyll, ( E ) α-carotene, ( F ) β-carotene, ( G ) lutein

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Desire Djidonou, Xin Zhao, Jeffrey K. Brecht and Kim M. Cordasco

because some of the fruit quality attributes may be influenced by the physiological changes in grafted plants owing to rootstock–scion interactions ( Flores et al., 2010 ; Rouphael et al., 2010 ). Increased levels of lycopene and β-carotene were observed

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Gene E. Lester, Robert A. Saftner and D. Mark Hodges

such as Salmonella ( Salmonella Ligniéres) ( Castillo et al., 2004 ), its superior β-carotene and phenolic concentrations, and its longer postharvest shelf life ( Hodges and Lester, 2006 ). As a fresh-cut product, ‘Orange Dew’ has lower respiration

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Haejeen Bang, Angela R. Davis, Sunggil Kim, Daniel I. Leskovar and Stephen R. King

lycopene into β-carotene via γ-carotene in the carotenoid biosynthetic pathway. There are two known forms of LCYB in plants: chromoplast specific and chloroplast specific. In tomato, chromoplastic-specific LCYB (CYCB) was reported as the form of cyclase

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Carlos Calderón-Vázquez, Mary L. Durbin, Vanessa E.T.M. Ashworth, Livia Tommasini, Kapua K.T. Meyer and Michael T. Clegg

environments ( Amar et al., 2007 ), making β-sitosterol a good candidate for selection in rapeseed. Total carotenoids in avocado are mainly composed of β-carotene, α-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin, lutein, and zeaxanthin with lutein being the largest component ( Lu

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Penelope Perkins-Veazie and Gene Lester

-known healthful carotenoids found in many fruits and vegetables. Antioxidants such a ascorbic acid, β-carotene, and phenolic compounds (flavonoids, flavones, phenolic acids) are considered plant–human health-bioactive compounds that are efficient scavengers of

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Robert O.M. Mwanga, Benson Odongo, Charles Niringiye, Agnes Alajo, Benjamin Kigozi, Rose Makumbi, Esther Lugwana, Joweria Namukula, Isaac Mpembe, Regina Kapinga, Berga Lemaga, James Nsumba, Silver Tumwegamire and Craig G. Yencho

, A. Aminger, M.L. Svanberg, U. 2008 Effects of various traditional processing methods on the all- trans -β-carotene content of orange-fleshed sweet potato Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 21 134 143 Grüneberg, W.J. Manrique, K. Dapeng, Z

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Dean A. Kopsell, Carl E. Sams and Robert C. Morrow

/incandescent lamps in controlled environments. In their study, the highest concentrations of β-carotene and lutein were found under the 20% blue (470 nm)/80% red (627 nm) light treatment, the highest concentrations of antheraxanthin and total integrated carotenoid

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Kathleen G. Haynes, Beverly A. Clevidence, David Rao and Bryan T. Vinyard

in leaves ( Ben Ahmed et al., 2009 ). Low temperatures increased the ratios of lutein, neoxanthin, and xanthophyll-cycle carotenoids and decreased the ratio of β-carotene to chlorophyll a + b in leaves of corn ( Zea mays ) ( Haldimann, 1998