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Jessica Chitwood, Ainong Shi, Michael Evans, Curt Rom, Edward E. Gbur Jr., Dennis Motes, Pengyin Chen and David Hensley

, 2014 ). Prior experiments have shown that spinach seeds will germinate in soil temperatures from 5 to 30 °C with germination percentages highest at 20 °C and dropping abruptly between 25 and 30 °C ( Atherton and Farooque, 1983 ). Spinach seed

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Daniel S. Egel, Ray Martyn and Chris Gunter

versus direct seed), the presence or absence of black plastic mulch and fumigation; and 2) determine vine growth and yield in response to fumigation, mulch, and planting method. Materials and Methods Experiments were conducted in 2003 and 2004 on a

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Thomas E. Marler

physiology of cycads are deficient worldwide ( Cascasan and Marler, 2016 ). The potential for the use of large stem cuttings for rescue projects designed to transplant C. micronesica tree populations from military construction sites was recently evaluated

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Iryna Andrenko, Thayne Montague, Cynthia McKenney and Russell Plowman

and statistical analysis. Each experiment followed a randomized complete block design with three blocks. Each block consisted of four tubs, and within each tub one of the four salinity treatments was assigned randomly. Therefore, across the three

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Zhibin Fan, Kai Zhang, Fengyun Wang, Xiaodan Zhao, Ruiqin Bai and Boling Liu

were in a completely randomized design with three replications. Additionally, each experiment was repeated three times to verify the reproducibility of the results. The significance test of the differences among treatments was conducted by analysis of

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Huseyin Karlidag, Ertan Yildirim, Metin Turan, Mucahit Pehluvan and Figen Donmez

growth of strawberry in pot experiments. However, no attempts have to date been made to study the effects of PGPR on growth, productivity, and ionic compositions in strawberry plants under natural saline field conditions. Therefore, this experiment

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Catherine M. Grieve, James A. Poss, Peter J. Shouse and Christy T. Carter

were imposed by adding KNO 3 at sowing; salinizing salts were not added until seedling establishment. After emergence, seedlings were thinned to 25 plants per row. The experiment was a 4 × 4 factorial, partially replicated design with four irrigation

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Solveig J. Hanson and Irwin L. Goldman

larger roots ( Tyler et al., 1978 ), likely due to incorporation of proportionally more epidermal tissue to core root tissue in homogenate made from small roots. Freidig and Goldman (2014) used a sampling method designed to standardize the proportion of

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Mohamad-Hossein Sheikh-Mohamadi, Nematollah Etemadi and Mostafa Arab

temperatures were set at 22 °C day and 18 °C night. Plants were allowed to acclimate to the conditions of the growth chamber for 2 weeks before the start of the experiment. Table 1. Geographical origin of Iranian tall fescue ecotypes. Treatments and

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Nicolas Gruyer, Martine Dorais, Gérald J. Zagury and Beatrix W. Alsanius

experiment was conducted using a Venlo-type greenhouse (150 m 2 ) located at Université Laval, Québec City, QC, Canada (lat. 46°46′N, long. 71°16′W). Horizontal subsurface flow artificial wetlands (0.6 × 0.4 × 0.35 m) were filled with pozzolana (10–15 mm