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Dewayne L. Ingram, Charles R. Hall, and Joshua Knight

and diesel combustion in chain saws, chippers, and trucks. GHGs from take down and disposal were calculated to be 214, 148, and 88 kg CO 2 e for red maple, blue spruce, and redbud, respectively ( Ingram, 2012 , 2013 ; Ingram and Hall, 2013 ). Take

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Richard O. Carey, George J. Hochmuth, Christopher J. Martinez, Treavor H. Boyer, Vimala D. Nair, Michael D. Dukes, Gurpal S. Toor, Amy L. Shober, John L. Cisar, Laurie E. Trenholm, and Jerry B. Sartain

local sources contributing ≈25% (1 kg·ha −1 N per year) of the total inorganic N deposited to Tampa Bay. Wastewater Septic systems. Onsite sewage treatment and disposal systems, which include septic systems, serve ≈20% of U.S. homes, including 22% of

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Guihong Bi, Williams B. Evans, and Glenn B. Fain

). In the United States, more than 80% of boiler ash is disposed of in landfills ( Vance, 1996 ). However, landfill disposal costs are increasing and it is becoming more difficult to acquire new sites for disposal ( Demeyer et al., 2001 ). It is possible

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Baldev Lamba and Grace Chapman

developing effective means of informing the public about ways and benefits of using sustainable practices in their gardens; 5) using construction materials and building techniques for easy reuse or responsible disposal at the end of the show. Through lectures

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Dewayne L. Ingram, Charles R. Hall, and Joshua Knight

company, transported to the customer, and transplanted into the landscape. The shrub would reach a size of 1-m high and 1.4-m wide during a 40-year functional life, followed by shrub removal and disposal to compete the life cycle. This LCA study will focus

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Carol Miles, Russ Wallace, Annette Wszelaki, Jeffrey Martin, Jeremy Cowan, Tom Walters, and Debra Inglis

mulch covered ≈162,000 ha in the United States alone (P. Bergholtz, personal communication). Disadvantages of plastic mulches include their long-term persistence in the environment as well as the economic costs of yearly removal and disposal. These costs

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Tina Waliczek, Amy McFarland, and Megan Holmes

disposal in landfills on the environment is important, particularly in large organizations. Instead of conventionally disposing of food wastes by sending it to a landfill, composting is a more sustainable alternative that is gaining popularity. Through a

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requiring management and disposal. Sembera et al. (p. 205) investigated the use of wild taro waste as a feedstock in composting and evaluated the quality of the resulting compost. They found that wild taro propagules exposed to temperatures between 45 and 52

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Kenneth G. McCabe, James A. Schrader, Christopher J. Currey, David Grewell, and William R. Graves

≈750 million kilograms of petroleum-based plastic for single-use plant containers per year ( Schrader, 2013 ; Schrader et al., 2013 ; U.S. Department of Agriculture, 2014 ). Along with the large consumption of petroleum-based materials, disposal of

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Lisa W. DeVetter, Huan Zhang, Shuresh Ghimire, Sean Watkinson, and Carol A. Miles

PE mulch, removal, and disposal imposes both financial and environmental problems. Removal and disposal of PE mulch can be costly ( Galinato and Walters, 2012 ; Galinato et al., 2012 ; Ghimire and Miles, 2016 ; Lucas et al., 2008 ) and was