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  • Author or Editor: Yu-Chun Liao x
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Angelonia (Angelonia angustifolia) is an important potted flowering plant or bedding plant widely used in tropical and subtropical regions. However, most Angelonia cultivars have relatively small flowers and demonstrate limited drought tolerance in root-restricted environments such as small containers. Polyploid plants often exhibit larger flowers and enhanced drought tolerance. In this study, Angelonia ‘Serena White’ seeds and ‘Serena Purple’ seedlings were treated with 0.1% and 0.2% colchicine to induce polyploid lines, respectively. The resulting tetraploids had larger pollen and flowers, along with thicker, greener leaves distinguished by serrated edges, longer stomata, and lower stomatal density compared with diploid ‘Serena White’ and ‘Serena Purple’ plants. Both diploid and tetraploid plants subjected to a 20% volumetric water content (VWC) treatment exhibited smaller leaves, higher SPAD-502 readings, and a decreased number of flowers compared with those subjected to 40% VWC treatment. Moreover, tetraploids had higher photosynthetic rates than diploids under both 20% and 40% VWC conditions. When grown in 0.8-L containers, tetraploid plants required fewer watering events and had thicker, erect stems with larger flowers than diploids, even under a 20% VWC treatment. Colchicine-induced polyploidization presents a promising method to potentially enhance drought tolerance in angelonia.

Open Access

Paphiopedilum Clair de Lune ‘Edgard Van Belle’, an excellent Maudiae-type hybrid that has been propagated by artificial division for a long time. We studied its flower bud initiation, development of floral organs, and flowering habits with a view to providing information for flowering control and efficient commercial production. According to our research, the flower bud initiation phase of this cultivar begins in February every year, and 80% of the plants completed sepal primordium differentiation in March, The flower bud differentiation lasts for 6 to 7 months, until flowering in August. Within 1 to 3 months after flower bud differentiation, all tested plants differentiated lateral buds. After 5 to 6 months, the new, aboveground vegetative shoots reached their maximum growth, with an average plant height of 20 cm, five leaves, and a shoot dry weight of more than 3 g. From February to April of the following year, a new cycle of flower development and vegetative growth began. In addition, this cultivar was notably sensitivity to high ambient temperature during the late phase of flower development, with a flower bud drop rate as high as 33.3% under average day/night temperatures of 29.0/26.5 °C.

Open Access