Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 2 of 2 items for

  • Author or Editor: W.J. Steyn x
  • Refine by Access: All x
Clear All Modify Search
Free access

W.J. Steyn, D.M. Holcroft, S.J.E. Wand, and G. Jacobs

Exposed fruit of `Rosemarie' blushed pear (Pyrus communis L.) displayed daily fluctuations in color in response to temperature while color was more stable in other blushed and fully red cultivars. `Rosemarie' pears increased in redness with the passing of cold fronts, but rapidly lost red color during intermittent warmer periods. Studies on anthocyanin degradation in detached apples and pears indicated that preharvest red color loss was due to net anthocyanin degradation at high temperatures. In support, anthocyanin degradation in attached `Rosemarie' pears corresponded with a warm period during fruit development. Susceptibility to color loss was dependent on the ability of fruit to accumulate anthocyanin. This is due to an exponential relationship between anthocyanin concentration and hue at high pigment levels and a linear relationship at lower pigment levels. Blushed and red pear cultivars that accumulate more anthocyanin with lesser dependence on climatic conditions were less susceptible to fluctuation in color.

Free access

W.J. Steyn, D.M. Holcroft, S.J.E. Wand, and G. Jacobs

Changes in activity of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) and UDPGalactose: flavonoid-3-o-glycosyltransferase (UFGT) during the development of pear (Pyrus communis L.) fruit and in response to cold fronts were assessed and related to changes in red color. Red and blushed pear cultivars attained maximum redness and highest anthocyanin concentrations in immature fruit. Red color generally faded toward harvest. UFGT activity increased over fruit development and was apparently not limiting to color development. However, the fading of red color and the decreasing level of phenolic compounds toward harvest might relate to decreasing PAL activity. Skin color and enzyme activity in the red pear `Bon Rouge' displayed little responsiveness to low temperatures. In contrast, low temperatures increased red color and activity of both PAL and UFGT in the blushed pear `Rosemarie'. Consistent with the general pigmentation pattern described above, the effect of temperature on enzyme activity was much greater early during fruit development than in the week before harvest.