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  • Author or Editor: W.B. Robinson x
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Abstract

Simazine, especially from granular application, accumulated in hay mulch residue under apple trees and reduced soil contamination from this herbicide.

No marked build-up of simazine occurred in the soil. Simazine residues in soil ana mulch caused injury or death of EM VII rootstock, particularly after application in granular form.

Simazine in mulch had little influence on microbial populations. In soil, granular simazine increased numbers of bacteria, fungi and actinomycetes in the spring.

Open Access

Abstract

No significant resistance to verticillium wilt (Verticillium dahliae Kleb) was found in 59 eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) accessions, in a sexual hybrid between S. melongena and S. integrifolium, or in eight somatic hybrid clones between S. melongena and S. sisymbriifolium. A relatively high degree of resistance was observed in accessions of S. aculeatissimum, S. scabrum, and S. sisymbriifolium. All 58 accessions of S. gilo tested were susceptible, as were all accessions of S. incanum, S. integrifolium, S. laciniatum, S. macrocarpum, S. mammosum, and S. nodiflorum.

Open Access

Abstract

‘Horizon’ (Fig. 1) is a high-yielding white wine grape that produces a neutral blending wine. It fulfills the need in the Great Lakes grape growing region for a winter-hardy grape relatively free of cultural and enological defects.

Open Access

Abstract

Lycopersicon and Solanum species and an F1 hybrid of L. esculentum × S. lycopersicoides differed in growth and concentration of elements in leaves in response to levels of NaCl in outdoor sand culture. S. lycopersicoides and its hybrid with the tomato were more sensitive to NaCl on the basis of reduction in dry matter accumulation than L. esculentum, L. peruvianum, or S. pennellii. The dry weights of S. lycopersicoides and the F1 grown without NaCl in the rooting medium were 6 times greater than the average of L. esculentum, L. peruvianum, and S. pennellii, but only 2 times greater when the plants were grown with 294 meq NaCl/liter of rooting medium nutrient solution. S. lycopersicoides and the F1 were fruitless. The average tops without fruit of all species had 10.9% dry weight when grown without NaCl while tops of plants grown with 294 meq NaCl/liter nutrient solution had 14.0% dry wight. NaCl in the rooting medium increased the concentration of Na less in the leaves of S. lycopersicoides and the F1 than the other species and increased the Cl concentration in the leaves of all species. S. lycopersicoides and the F1 had higher concentration of K, and lower Ca in the leaves than the other species. S. pennellii had higher concentrations of Fe and Mn in the leaves than other species.

Open Access

Abstract

‘Melody’ is a late midseason, white wine grape (Fig. 1) which produces a vinifera-type wine with varietal character. In addition, ‘Melody’ does not require cluster thinning and is moderately resistant to powdery mildew [Uncinula necator (Schw.) Burr.]. It is the 3rd wine grape cultivar to be named by the Dept. of Horticultural Sciences, Geneva, N.Y., and follows the release of ‘Cayuga White’ (1) and ‘Horizon’ (2). It is the first in a series of wine grape releases from this station to be given a name with a musical theme.

Open Access