Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 6 of 6 items for

  • Author or Editor: W. Lamar Dickens x
Clear All Modify Search
Full access

Doyle A. Smittle and W. Lamar Dickens

Instrumented rainfall- and groundwater-protected irrigation shelters were used to establish relationships (daily crop factors) between pan evaporation and daily water use for several vegetables. Use of these daily crop factors (water use/pan evaporation) and pan evaporation data for scheduling irrigations are described. Snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is used to illustrate irrigation scheduling by this method. A table of the model output with columnar headings of age, root depth, date, pan evaporation, crop factor, daily water use, cumulative water use, allowable water use, rainfall, and irrigation is presented. When irrigation was applied according to the model, soil water tension was held below 25 db at 6-inch (15-cm) soil depth. With varying irrigation rates under a line-source irrigation system, marketable pod yields were maximized at 100% of the model rate. Marketable yields of summer squash also were maximized when irrigation was applied at 100% of the model rate. Marketable yields of sweetpotato were not affected by irrigation rates ranging from 1% to 177% of the model rate.

Free access

Doyle A. Smittle, W. Lamar Dickens and James R. Stansell

An irrigation scheduling model for snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) was developed and validated. The irrigation scheduling model is represented by the equation: 12.7(i - 4) × 0.5ASW = Di-1 + [E(0.31 + 0.01i) - P - I]i, where crop age is i; effective root depth is 12.7(i - 4) with a maximum of 400 mm; usable water (cm3·cm-3 of soil) is 0.5 ASW, deficit on the previous day is Di-1; evapotranspiration is pan evaporation (E) times 0.31 + 0.01i; rainfall (mm) is P, and irrigation (mm) is I. The model was validated using a line source irrigation system with irrigation depths ranging from 3% to 145% of tbe model rate in 1985 and from 4% to 180% of the model rate in 1986. Nitrogen fertilization rates ranged from 50% to 150% of the recommended rate both years. Marketable pod yields increased as irrigation rate increased in 1985. Irrigation at 4%, 44%, 65%, 80%, 150%, and 180% of the model rate produced yields that were 4%, 39%, 71%, 85%, 92%, and 55% as great as yields with the model rate in 1986. Marketable pod yields increased as N rate increased when irrigation was applied at 80%, 100%, or 150% of the model rate in 1986, but pod yields varied less with N rate when irrigation was applied at 4%, 44%, 65%, or 180% of the model.

Free access

Doyle A. Smittle, W. Lamar Dickens and James R. Stansell

`Keystone Resistant Giant' bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) was grown in drainage lysimeters under controlled soil water regimes during 1982, 1984, and 1985. Three irrigation regimes were imposed on bell pepper grown on two soil types during spring and fall growing seasons. Irrigation regimes consisted of applying water when the soil water tension at 10 cm exceeded 25, 50, or 75 kPa during crop growth. Yields and water use were greatest when irrigation was applied at 25 kPa. Regression equations are presented to describe the relationships of water use to plant age and to compute the ratios of daily evapotranspiration to pan evaporation (crop factors) for bell pepper grown under the three irrigation regimes.

Free access

Doyle A. Smittle, W. Lamar Dickens and James R. Stansell

Cabbage (Brassica oleracea L.) was grown in drainage lysimeters under controlled soil water regimes during 3 years. Three irrigation regimes were imposed on cabbage grown on two soil types during the spring and fall growing seasons. Irrigation regimes consisted of applying water when the soil water tension at 10 cm exceeded 25, 50, or 75 kPa during crop growth. Yields and water use were highest when irrigation was applied at 25 kPa soil water tension. Regression equations are presented to describe the relationships of water use to plant age and to compute the ratios of daily evapotranspiration to pan evaporation (crop factors) for cabbage grown under the three irrigation regimes.

Free access

Doyle A. Smittle, W. Lamar Dickens and M. Jane Hayes

An irrigation scheduling model for summer squash (Cucurbita pepo L.) was developed and validated during 1986, 1987, and 1989. The model is represented by the equation: 12.7(i - 4) × 0.5ASW = Di-1 + [E(0.14 + 0.015) - P - I]i, where crop age in days is i; effective root depth is 12.7(i - 4) with a maximum of 381 mm; usable water (cubic millimeter per cubic millimeter of soil) is 0.5ASW, deficit on the previous day is Di-1; evapotranspiration is pan evaporation (E) times 0.14 + 0.015i; rainfall (in millimeters) is P; and irrigation (in millimeters) is I. The model was validated during the three years using a line-source irrigation system with irrigation depths ranging from 5% to 160% of the model rates. Nitrogen rates were 50%, 100%, and 150% of the recommended rate. Marketable fruit yields increased as the irrigation depths increased up to the model rate then decreased with greater water application depths. Marketable fruit yields increased as the N rate increased in 1987 and 1989, but yields were similar at all N rates in 1986. The shelf life of marketable fruits was not influenced by irrigation or N rates.

Free access

Doyle A. Smittle, W. Lamar Dickens, James R. Stansell and Eric Simonne

Turnip (Brassica rapa L.) and mustard (Brassica juncea L.) were grown in drainage lysimeters under controlled soil water regimes during 2 years. Irrigation regimes consisted of water applications when the soil water tension at a 10-cm depth exceeded 25,50, or 75 kPa throughout growth of the two crops on two soil types during spring and fall production seasons. Leaf yield and water use were highest when irrigation was applied at 25 kPa soil water tension. Regression equations are presented to describe the relationships of daily pan evaporation and water use to plant age, and to compute daily evapotranspiration: pan evaporation ratios (crop factors) during spring and fall production seasons.