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  • Author or Editor: Vaughan Agrez* x
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Particle bombardment seems to be a promising method for genetic transformation of mango and the information on various factors affecting transient gene expression is inconclusive. Pro-embryonic masses (PEMs) of mango (Mangifera indica L. cv. Kensington Pride) used for particle bombardment were established and maintained in vitro using various liquid and semisolid media containing 2,4-D. Various factors affecting the biolistic transformation efficiency in mango and subsequent transient gene expression were optimized using β-glucuronidase (GUS) as a reporter gene driven by CaMV 35S promoter. Our results show that bombardment pressure significantly affects transient gene expression with the best results obtained from PEMs bombarded at 1200 kPa of helium pressure under vacuum. The application of osmoticum pre and post-bombardment also significantly increased the transient gene expression in the PEMs as compared to the controls. Mannitol (0.2 m) proved to be the best osmoticum in improving transient GUS expression as compared to sorbitol. The duration of exposure of PEMs to mannitol (0.2 m) both pre and post-bombardment also played a significant role in improving transient gene expression. The transient GUS expression was significantly highest with a pre-treatment of 0.2 m mannitol for 4 hours as compared to 0, 8 and 12 hours. The post-bombardment treatment of 0.2 m mannitol for 16 hours resulted in significantly highest transient gene expression as compared to 0, 4, 8, 12, 20 and 24 hours. In conclusion, PEMs of `Kensington Pride' mango bombarded at 1200 kPa, which were exposed to mannitol (0.2 m) for 4 and 16 hours pre and post bombardment respectively, resulted in the highest transient GUS expression (25.1 GUS foci/mg PEMs).

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