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  • Author or Editor: Thomas H. Nichols x
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Pyracantha coccinea `Lalandei' and `Kasan' were treated with a foliar application of 25, 50 or 100 mg/l uniconazole, 3000 mg/l chlormequat, a soil drench of 0.25, 0.50 or 1.00 mg/container of uniconazole, or 30 mg/container chlormequat. Heights of plants receiving foliar applications of uniconazole were significantly lower than untreated plants in both cultivars. Uniconazole soil drenches also reduced plant height in both cultivars, but differences were not apparent until 8 weeks after treatment. Chlormequat treatments had little effect on plant growth. At harvest, stem dry weight was significantly lower in both cultivars with uniconazole soil drenches and in `Lalandei' treated with 50 and 100 mg/1 and in `Kasan' treated with 100 mg/1 as a foliar application. There was also a tendency for leaf area to increase with uniconazole foliar applications.

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Pyracantha coccinea M.J. Roem. `Kasan' and `Lalandei' were treated with a soil drench of 30 mg a.i. chlormequat chloride per container or 0, 0.25, 0.50, or 1.00 mg a.i. uniconazole per container or with a foliar application of 3000 mg a.i. chlormequat chloride/liter or 0, 25, 50, or 100 mg a.i. uniconazole/liter. Chlormequat chloride applied as a drench did not affect growth of `Kasan' or `Lalandei' until 17 weeks after application, when `Kasan' was taller and `Lalandei' shorter than untreated plants. `Kasan' plants drenched with chlormequat chloride had more leaves with greater total leaf area and higher leaf and stem dry weights than untreated plants. However, area per leaf, root dry weight, and root: shoot ratio were not affected by the chlormequat chloride drench. In `Lalandei', the chlormequat chloride drench did not affect any of these criteria, except stem dry weight. Foliar applications of chlormequat chloride had little effect on either cultivar. Height of `Kasan' and `Lalandei' decreased with increasing uniconazole rates for both application methods. Area per leaf increased in `Kasan' but decreased in `Lalandei' receiving a drench applied to the medium. Foliar and drench applications of uniconazole both resulted in decreased stem dry weight of both cultivars. Chemical names used: 2-chloro-N,N,N-trimethylethanaminium chloride (chlormequat chloride); (E)-1-(p-chlorophenyl)-4,4-dimethyl-2-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)-1-penten-3-ol (uniconazole).

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