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  • Author or Editor: Theophilus Asante* x
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The role of plant growth regulators in enhancing axillary shoot proliferation, callus production and root initiation of the American chestnut (Castanea dentata) was investigated. Micropropagated shoots were used as explant materials. Different concentrations of indoleburytic acid (IBA), kinetin, N-(2-chloro-4-pyridyl)-N'-pheylurea (CPPU), naphtha-leneacetic acid (NAA), thidiazuron (TDZ), zeatin, 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), and 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T) were added to McCown woody plant medium (WPM) to evaluate their effects on in vitro shoot proliferation, callus production, and root initiation. Differences in the number of shoots (primordia), morphology of micropropagated shoots, and amount of callus were observed between the plant growth regulator treatments and concentrations. Explants cultured in media containing CPPU or TDZ produced more shoots (primordia). Callus production increased from NAA to IBA to 2,4-D to 2,4,5-T.

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