Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 16 items for

  • Author or Editor: Theodore Goo x
Clear All Modify Search

Abstract

Guava fruit detachment force began to decline from 7 kg at 115 days after anthesis before the fruit had fully grown, to less than 0.5 kg by day 130. There was a parallel decline in deformation force from greater than 14 kg to less than 4 kg, loss of skin chlorophyll, and a decline in pulp titratable acidity from 18 to 10 meq/100 gm fresh weight. Mature fruit harvested on one occasion showed a range of detachment force from 0.5 to 7.2 kg, which correlated well with the ranges in measures of pulp quality and fruit maturity, total soluble solids, pH, titratable acidity, and skin color. Fruit detached with a force less than 4 kg were full yellow and had pulp with a pH 3.0, less than 16 meq/100 g fresh weight titratable acidity and 6° Brix total soluble solids.

Open Access

Abstract

Cold storage at 13°C or storage in 2% O, at 24–25°C was beneficial for extending the vase life of cut ‘Ozaki’ flowers of anthurium (Anthurium andraeanum Lind.).

Open Access

Abstract

The climacteric nature of persimon fruit Diospyros discolor) was indicated by CO2 and ethylene production patterns at 2 stages of maturity (mature green and 5% red-colored).

Open Access

Abstract

The patterns of concentrations of CO2 and C2H4 in the cavity of attached ripening papayas (Carcia papaya L. cv. Solo) were similar to those of CO2 in respiration and C2H4 production in detached ripening fruits. The peak concentrations of these gasses occurred when the surface color of the fruits was about 80%. The flavor of the pulp of the ripe fruit was rated highest at this time.

Open Access

Abstract

Fruits of 4 species and cultivars of guava (Psidium guaiava L. cv. Beaumont, P. cattleianum Sabine, P. cattleianum f. lucidum Degener, and P. guajava L. cv. Allahabed Safeda) were found to be climacteric in their respiratory behavior with C2H4 triggering the respiratory rise. Fruits of 4 species of Eugenia (Eugenia malaccensis L., E. cumini (L.) Druce, E. uniflora L., and E. jambos L.) exhibited typical respiratory behavior of nonclimacteric fruits including the response to exogenous C2H4 treatments. The possibility of using respiratory data as a physiological tool for taxonomic differentiation of plants is discussed.

Open Access

Abstract

The relationship between the respiratory pattern and ethylene (C2H4) production in developing and senescing fruit of Guiana chestnut (Pachira aquatica Aubl.) suggested that accelerated evolution and increased internal concentrations of C2H4 just prior to dehiscence of the fruit controls dehiscence. High concentrations of C2H4 are probably first synthesized in the placenta and the attached seeds and then diffused to the pericarp which then responds to the stimulus by dehiscing.

Open Access

Abstract

Gas chromatography and bioassays were used to identify ethylene (C2H4) in fruit emanations of mammee apple (Mammea americana L.). C2H4 production probably triggered the respiratory rise in preclimacteric fruit and its relationship to respiration was typical of that for a climacteric fruit. C2H4 production was however, independent of respiration in immature and postclimacteric fruits. C2H4 production increased to a peak and then declined with deterioration of fruit in spite of nearly constant rates of respiration in immature fruit and declining rates in postclimacteric fruit. Peak production of C2H4, 408 μl per kg per hr, from preclimacteric fruit is probably the highest reported among fruits.

Open Access

Abstract

Short pretreatments of stems of anthurium flowers (Anthurium andraeanum André) with silver nitrate solutions increased vase life by 40 to 60% after a simulated shipping. Significant improvement was obtained with a single 10-minute treatment with 1 mm silver nitrate. Maximum postharvest life was obtained with flowers treated with silver nitrate within 12 hours of harvest. Silver nitrate treatment was effective on flowers ranging from half to full maturity. No measurable silver was translocated to the spathe or spadix. Silver thiosulfate complex was not as effective as silver nitrate. For response to silver treatment following simulated shipping of 3 days, 2 cm of stem had to be removed before placing in a vase solution. Continuous maintenance of the flower before and after simulated shipping in a commercial preservative was not significantly better than a single pulse with silver nitrate or a combination of silver nitrate pulse and commercial preservative.

Open Access

Abstract

Respiration (ml CO2/kg/hour) decreased as fruits matured in mango (Mangifera indica L. cv. Haden), avocado (Persea americana Mill. cv. unknown), and lychee (Litchi chinensis Sonn. cv. Kwai Mi). With ripening, a respiratory rise commenced in the climacteric mango and avocado, but not in the nonclimacteric lychee. Ethylene (μl/mg/hour) production in all species also decreased as the fruit matured, became undetectable, then reappeared upon fruit ripening (mango and avocado) or senescence (lychee). The possible relationship between respiration and ethylene production in the ontogeny of fruit is discussed.

Open Access

Abstract

Using the puree juice of 1/2 fruit for soluble solids determination, it was found that for freshly harvested fruit to meet the min % soluble solids (SS) of 11.5 required by Hawaiian grade standards for marketable papayas, the fruit should have at least 6% surface yellow coloration. For postharvest ripened fruit, the min degree of surface coloring when harvested should be as least 3% for the ripened fruit to meet the min soluble solids (SS) requirement. Because the 6% surface coloration is more readily visible than the 3% level in the papaya orchard, the higher stage of coloration is recommended as a index for min harvest maturity.

Open Access