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  • Author or Editor: Takashi Tomana x
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Abstract

Ethanol production in the seeds and its accumulation in the flesh were compared among 47 Japanese persimmon cultivars (Diospyros kaki L.) in relation to their degree of astringency. Those which produce relatively high amounts of ethanol and accumulate it in the flesh, i.e. pollination-variant/nonastringent (PVNA) cultivars, lose astringency on the tree, while those producing less ethanol, i.e. pollination-variant/astringent (PVA) ones, remain astringent. Pollination-constant/nonastringent (PCNA) and pollination-constant/astringent (PCA) cultivars generally produced little ethanol in the seeds and accumulated small amounts or none in the flesh. Thus, 2 different mechanisms exist that are involved in the loss of astringency. One is associated with PVNA, PVA, and PCA types and is dependent upon the production and accumulation of ethanol and presumably acetaldehyde. The second is associated with PCNA types which apparently do not produce these volatile substances.

Open Access

Abstract

Dormant bud explants taken from mature trees of Japanese persimmon cv. Hiratanenashi were established successfully on modified Murashige and Skoog's medium with nitrate reduced to half-strength [MS (½NO3)] or woody plant medium, both supplemented with 22.2 μM (5 mg°liter−1) BA. Shoot proliferation in subcultures also was best at 22.2 μM (5 mg°liter−1) BA in MS (½NO3) medium, but growth was of the rosette type. Shoot elongation, however, was stimulated the most in the same medium supplemented with 24.6 μM (5 mg°liter−1) 2iP instead of BA. Rooting of the proliferated shoots was enhanced by the treatment with IBA at 1.23 mM (250 mg°liter−1). Chemical names used: N-(phenylmethyl)-1H-purin-6-amine (BA), N-(3-methyl-2-butenyl)-1H-purin-6-amine (2iP), 1H-indole-3-butanoic acid (IBA).

Open Access