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  • Author or Editor: Suparna K. Whale x
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To elucidate the temporal relationship between endogenous ethylene and color development, changes in ethylene concentration, fruit color, pigments, and flavonoids were monitored at different intervals during the development and ripening of ‘Pink Lady’ apple (Malus × domestica Borkh.), commencing from 60 days after full bloom (DAFB) in 2002 to 2003, and 7 DAFB in the 2003 to 2004 season. Concentrations of chlorogenic acid, phloridzin, catechin, epicatechin, and quercetin glycosides were significantly higher (P ≤ 0.05) during the early stages (7−60 DAFB) compared with the later stages (≥60 DAFB) of fruit growth. During fruit development, concentrations of phloridzin, catechin, epicatechin, and quercetin glycosides decreased to low and stable levels. However, the concentration of anthocyanin (cyanidin 3-galactoside) increased during maturation and ripening (≥168 DAFB), coinciding with a corresponding increase in percent red blush and endogenous ethylene concentration. Positive and significant correlations were found between ethylene and color development and between ethylene and total anthocyanin, but not the other flavonoid compounds. Ethylene therefore appears to be a key factor regulating anthocyanin biosynthesis and color development in ‘Pink Lady’ apple. However, the accumulation of other classes of flavonoids such as catechin, epicatechin, phloridzin, chlorogenic acid, and quercetin glycosides seems to be regulated independently of ethylene during fruit development and ripening.

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