Shahrokh Khanizadeh and Andre Bédanger
Leaves of three strawberry cultivars (Bounty', `Honeoye', and `Kent') were collected at random from plants growing in an experimental trial at the Agriculture Canada, Research Station farm at Lavaltrie, Quebec. Steam-distillation was carried out on 300g of leaves in 3L of distilled water in a 5L flask. The essential oils were analyscd with a Varian 6000 gas chromatogmph. Thirty-seven compounds were detected of which sixteen were identified. The major components were linalool and nonanal. Many of the other constituents were aliphatic in nature. Differences in oil composition among the three cultivars were observed. Essential oil composition might therefore be used as a selection criteria for insect or disease resistance. Their effect upon mites will be assayed in future studies by testing them as sex, food, or oviposition lures.
Shahrokh Khanizadeh and Deborah Buszard
Shahrokh Khanizadeh and Jamshid Ghavami
UniBase is a Windows-based (95, 98, NT, 2000, or XP) user-friendly software package that was developed for those who are interested in creating their own instant databases, add information to an existing databases or import data and images from Excel in a choice of languages. The software is very useful for germplasm inventory (fruit crops, vegetables, ornamentals, agronomic crops, weeds, chemicals, insects, pests, animals, etc.) and can be used in any breeding program (animal, horticulture, agronomy, etc.) to trace pedigrees and view images and characteristics of progenies. The database can be searched using various criteria and the use of several operators. An unlimited number of images can be stored for each entry and several graphic formats including BMP, JPEG, GIF, TIFF, etc., can be used. Additional information on UniBase and available data and images can be obtained from the authors.
Shahrokh Khanizadeh and Andre Belanger
Considerable variability in susceptibility to two-spotted spider mite (TSSM) were observed for the strawberry cultivars used as parents and some of our promising selections. Large variation was observed for 9-octadecenal oil composition followed by linalool, C9H1002, decanal, β-cyclocitral, α-terpineol and (Z)-3-hexenol. The purpose of this research was to identify the relative susceptibility of selected strawberry lines to TSSM in relation to leaf essential oil composition. One objective of our breeding program is the early identification of susceptible lines and/or seedlings so that they can be eliminated prior to field trials.
Shahrokh Khanizadeh and Deborah J. Buszard
Promising 1989 strawberry selections from the Agriculture Canada/McGill Univ. breeding program have been evaluated since 1990 at three different sites in Quebec. `Kent', `Glooscap', `Honeoye', `Bounty', and `Veestar' were used for comparison. Yield, average fruit weight at each harvest, firmness, color, taste, and other fruit characteristics were evaluated. SJ89288-2 had the highest yield with large fruit. SJ89700-1 and SJ89264-6 produced similar yield to `Kent' and `Glooscap', with firm and large fruit. SJ89700-1 had bright red skin color and SJ89264-6 had bright pale red color. Both are suitable from fresh-market and pick-your-own (PYO). SJ8976-1, another selection, had a firm, large, bright pale red fruit. All four selections have good shelf life quality and will be tested at four sites during 1993–95.
Shahrokh Khanizadeh and Mamdouh A. Fanous
Three mathematical indices were developed to estimate: 1) potential for early dollar return or early ripening (IE), 2) concentrated cropping (IC), and 3) deviation or similarity of a genotype to known cultivars (ID). Early ripening genotypes with high yield early in the season will have larger IE values than late genotypes with lower yield early in the season. Genotypes with few harvests will have larger IC values than those requiring several harvests. The ID index helps to identify and group genotypes with similar characteristics. These indices condense numerous values or arrays of traits into single index values, thereby simplifying genotype comparisons.
Shahrokh Khanizadeh and Mamdouh A. Fanous
Shahrokh Khanizadeh, Michel Lareau and Buszard Buszard
`Oka' is a mid-season, high yielding June-bearing strawberry cultivar with excellent productivity, good fruit color, flavor and firmness. It is recommended for fesh market and pick your own for the Southern Québec region. `Oka' plants are of medium size, and vigor with five to seven inflorescences per mother plant. They can tolerate winter temperatures of -25 C. Inflorescences are held erect on medium to long peduncles during bloom, and become semi-erect as fruit mature. Fruits are large, wedge shape and the calyces are semi-reflexed. Skin is moderately shiny, light red at full maturity, and the flesh is light red. Fruit flavor is similar to `Bounty', `Chambly', `Glooscap' and `Sparkle'. Fruits are medium firm to firm, and can not be decapped as easily as `Bounty', `Chambly' or `Glooscap'. More than 50% of harvested fruit have long pedicels. Percent juice loss after thawing does not differ significantly from other popular cultivars. `Oka' has outyielded `Bounty', `Redcoat' and `Sparkle' at L'Acadie and `Bounty', `Glooscap', and `Veestar' in New Brunswick. Plants can tolerate the herbicide terbacil. No symptoms of powdery mildew or leaf scorch were observed during the course of its evaluation. However some symptoms of leaf spot were observed late in the season before the onset of dormancy. Preliminary studies show that `Oka' is resistant to races 2, 4, 5, 8, 9 and 10 of P. fragariae.