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Sezgin Uzun

Determinations were made of the effect of mean daily temperature and cumulative daily light intensity related to planting date on fruiting behavior of greenhouse-grown tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). Time to first flowering (FT), flower bud number per cluster (BN/C), fruit number per cluster (FN/C), mean fruit weight, fruit growth period (FGP), and fruit production rate (FPR) in tomato were plotted against mean daily temperature (11 to 28 °C) and mean cumulative daily light intensity (2 to 8 MJ·m−2·d−1) obtained from different planting dates. The FT was negatively related to mean daily temperature at any given mean cumulative daily light intensity. Mean cumulative daily light intensity had a negative sharp and slight curvilinear relationship to FT at lower and higher mean daily temperatures, respectively. At the highest cumulative daily light intensity, BN/C was the greatest at the lowest mean daily temperature, whereas at lower cumulative daily light intensities, BN/C was curvilinearly related to mean daily temperature with the optimum mean daily temperature for BN/C between 13 and 19 °C. Mean cumulative daily light intensity had a positive curvilinear relationship to BN/C at any given mean daily temperature. FN/C increased linearly with mean cumulative daily light intensity with a steeper slope at low mean daily temperatures. At each cumulative daily light intensity, FN/C declined curvilinearly with mean daily temperature. Mean fruit weight was curvilinearly related to mean daily temperature at all mean cumulative daily light intensities. Mean fruit weight was greatest at the highest mean cumulative daily light intensities. There was a curvilinear relationship between mean cumulative daily light intensity and FGP at all mean daily temperatures. The FGP increased curvilinearly as mean daily temperature and mean cumulative light intensity increased. There was a curvilinear increase in FPR with mean cumulative daily light intensity at any given mean daily temperatures. Mean daily temperature also had a curvilinear effect on FPR such that FPR increased up to 25 °C for the lowest cumulative daily light intensity and 22 °C for the highest cumulative daily light intensity and declined thereafter as mean daily temperature increased. Optimum mean daily temperatures for FPR declined as mean cumulative daily light intensity rose. It can be said that the relationships produced in this study can be incorporated into the climate control and fertigation programs of greenhouse tomatoes.