Foliar chlorosis or bleaching, interveinal chlorosis, leaf edge and tip necrosis, a poor root system, and stunted growth of Eustoma grandiflorum (Raf) Shinn seedlings were associated with a medium pH of 5.0 or 5.5 but not when the values ranged from 6.4 to 7.5. The range in medium pH resulting in the best growth of seedings and flowering plants was 6.3 to 6.7. Responses to medium pH were similar, regardless of fertilizer solution pH or cultivar. Eustoma seedling and shoot fresh weights for pH 5.0 and 5.5 were only 23% to 66% of corresponding values for plants grown at pH 6.4. Leaf tissue Zn was extremely high (1050 mg·kg-l dry leaf tissue) at a medium pH of 5.0, but other macro- and micronutrients in leaves were not at abnormal levels.
B.K. Harbaugh and S.S. Woltz
S.S. Woltz, J.P. Jones and J.W. Scott
Media and nutrient variables were investigated to develop methods of reducing the incidence and severity of fusarium crown rot incited by Fusarium oxysporum Schlecht. f. sp. radicis-lycopersici Jarvis & Shoemaker (FORL), a disease problem of current importance with tomato Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. Root-dip inoculated seedlings were transplanted into trays of a 1 Canadian peat: 1 vermiculite medium that had been prepared with factorial combinations of CaCO, (0.75 or 3.0 kg·m), Ca(NO) or (NH) SO (each at 225 mg N/liter), and NaCl at 0 or 2000 mg Na/liter as the experimental treatments. Crown rot was more severe with the lower CaCO rate, with (NH) SO, and supplemental NaCI. Data on fresh weight of seedlings expressed as percentage values relative to the noninoculated controls supported observations on disease severity.