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  • Author or Editor: S. C. Kwan x
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Abstract

Effects of boric, indole-3-acetic, gibberellic, succinic and fumaric acids, and water extract from onion bulbs on onion pollen germination and tube growth were studied. Boric acid stimulated pollen germination and tube growth at 100 mg/liter but was toxic at 200 mg/liter. Indole-3-acetic acid slightly increased pollen germination and tube elongation at 0.05 mg/liter, but inhibited pollen tube growth at 200 mg/liter. Gibberellic acid not only enhanced germination percentage, but the higher concentrations also increased the pollen tube lengths. Succinic and fumaric acids stimulated germination, but pollen tubes burst at the higher concentrations. At 200 mg/liter of fumaric acid no germination of pollen grains was observed, but with 25 ml of bulb extract in the culture medium, germination and tube growth were stimulated. Pollen tubes developed abnormally at higher concentrations.

Open Access

Abstract

Freshly dehisced pollen of Allium cepa L. was stored under various conditions of temperature and relative humidity for up to 198 days. One series of treatments was freeze dried before storage. The degree of viability was determined by germination percentages at periodic intervals. Germination of approximately 60% of the initial germination was maintained in pollen samples freeze dried and stored at −18° and 5% relative humidity. Without freeze drying, approximately 38% of initial germination was maintained in samples of onion pollen stored 198 days at −18° and 10% relative humidity. Pollen stored at −18° and 80% relative humidity germinated 34% of initial germination after 56 days of storage and gradually declined to 4% by 170 days.

Open Access