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  • Author or Editor: Rong-Cai Ma x
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MADS box genes regulate most of the development processes in plants. Studying peach MADS box genes will provide insights into its flower and fruit development. Five MADS box cDNAs with complete coding regions were cloned in this study. PpMADS2 cDNA is 1116-bp long. RT-PCR analysis indicated that PpMADS2 is expressed in leaf, flower, fruit, and nutlet. PpMAD4 cDNA is 824-bp long, which is the homologue of Agamous. RT-PCR analysis indicated that PpMADS4 is expressed in the two inner parts of flower, fruit, and nutlet; and was absent in leaf and the two outer parts of the flower. This expression pattern is similar to that of Agamous gene in A. thaliana. PpMADS4 could promote the flowering process in A. thaliana tested by genetic transformation. PpMADS5 cDNA is 873-bp long, which is the homologue of SEP3. RT-PCR analysis indicated that PpMADS5 is expressed in the three inner parts of flower, fruit, and nutlet; and was absent in leaf and sepal, similar to the expression pattern of SEP3 gene in Arabidopsis. PpMAD6 cDNA is 1037-bp long, which is the homologue of FUL. RT-PCR analysis indicated that PpMADS6 is expressed in leaf, sepal, petal, carpel, and fruit; and was absent in stamen and nutlet. PpMAD7 cDNA is 1147-bp long, which is the homologue of SEP1. RT-PCR analysis indicated that PpMADS7 is expressed in the four parts of flower and fruit, and was absent in leaf, stamen, and nutlet. Furthermore, two SSRs were identified in the 5' UTR in the two MADS box genes, PpMADS2 and PpMADS7, respectively. The SSR in PpMAD2 was more polymorphic than that in PpMADS7 in the 39 Prunus accessions collected.

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