Zhengwang Jiang, Shengmei Wang, Renhuang Huang, Zhonghui Zhang, and Hongwen Huang
Hongwen Huang, Shengmei Wang, Renhuang Huang, Zhengwang Jiang, and Zhonghui Zhang
'Jintao' is a new yellow-fleshed kiwifruit (Actinidia chinensis Planch) developed from the breeding program at the Wuhan Institute of Botany (WIB), in Wuhan, Hubei, People's Republic of China. 'Jintao' is a midseason cultivar that ripens three to four weeks before the standard commercial cultivar [A. deliciosa (A. Chev.) C.F. Liang et A.R. Ferguson] 'Hayward'. It is sweeter than 'Hayward' and has a smooth skin. 'Jintao' was selected from A. chinensis and offers growers in warmer climates an alternative to 'Hayward', because of its higher productivity, better fruit quality, and improved heat tolerance. 'Jintao', which means golden peach in Chinese, is named in recognition of its yellow flesh and the common Chinese name, Mihou-tao, or monkey peach.
Ren-Huang Wang, Yu-Mei Hsu, Duane P. Bartholomew, Subbiyan Maruthasalam, and Chin-Ho Lin
In Taiwan, the major yield constraint in pineapple cultivation is natural flowering, which occurs when daylengths are shorter and nights are cooler. This natural (precocious) flowering increases the cost of cultivation and reduces the percentage of fruits of marketable size. Two field experiments were conducted to evaluate the inhibitory potential of aviglycine [(S)-trans-2-amino-4-(2 aminoethoxy)-3-butenoic acid hydrochloride, AVG] on natural flowering of ‘Tainon 17’ pineapple plants during the 2003 to 2004 and 2004 to 2005 cropping seasons. In the 2003 to 2004 season, bolting in the control exceeded 80% on 2 Mar. 2004, whereas no bolting was observed in the treatments. Inhibition of bolting by aviglycine (AVG) was dependent on the concentration and frequency of application. Bolting was less than 40% when plants were treated in Nov. and Dec. 2003 with 500 mg·L−1 of AVG four times at 15-day intervals or with five applications made at 10-day intervals. For the 2004 to 2005 season, bolting of plants treated with 250 or 375 mg·L−1 AVG was delayed 4 weeks relative to the control, whereas bolting was delayed 7 weeks by four or five applications of 500 mg·L−1 of AVG applied at 10- or 15-day intervals. Both experiments showed that four to five applications of 500 mg·L−1 of AVG at 10- or 15-day intervals delayed inflorescence emergence relative to the control for the duration of the treatments. We assume control was maintained for 1 to 2 weeks after treatments stopped. Based on these results, the date AVG treatments stop can be used to estimate the duration of delay in flowering. AVG inhibits ethylene biosynthesis and has the potential to be effectively used to delay or completely control the problem of precocious flowering and associated crop losses in pineapple.