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  • Author or Editor: Paul D. Mangum x
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Horizontal starch gel electrophoresis was used to study the mode of inheritance of isozyme phenotypes of four enzyme systems (ADH, 6-PGDH, PGM, and SKDH) in Allium cepa L. and A. fistulosum L. by monitoring segregations in backcross and F2 progeny. Segregation for most of the polymorphisms fit the expected Mendelian ratios as tested by the chi-square statistic. Three new isozyme loci were defined for onion. 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase was dimeric in structure, with two alleles present at the first locus, while a second locus was monomorphic. Shikimate dehydrogenase was monomeric with two alleles.

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The inheritance and linkage relationships among PGM-1, ADH-1, and 6-PGDH-1 were determined for Allium fistulosum (Japanese bunching onion) individuals. Individuals expressing Pgm-11/Pgm-12, Adh-13/Adh-14 , Adh-13/Adh-15 , or 6-Pgdh-11/6-Pgdh-12 were selfed seperately. These backcrosses and their reciprocals were made: Pgm-11/Pgm-12 to Pgm-11/Pgm-11 or Pgm-12/Pgm-12; Adh-13/Adh-14 to Adh-13/Adh-13 or Adh-14/Adh-14, 6-Pgdh-11/6-Pgdh-12 to 6-Pgdh-11/6-Pgdh-11 or 6-Pgdh-12/6-Pgdh-12 . Progeny segregations were tested for Mendelian inheritance using a chi-square goodness of fit test. Expression of 6-Pgdh has not been previously reported in onion. Two zones of activity were detected and were designated as 6-PGDH-1 and 6-PGDH-2. 6-PGDH-2 was monomorphic for all individuals tested. Progeny segregation of 6-PGDH-1 fit a model for a dimeric enzyme encoded by one disomic locus with two alleles, expressed as fast (1) and slow (2), in a dimeric enzyme pattern in heterozygous individuals.

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Horizontal starch gel electrophoresis was used to study the inheritance of isozyme phenotypes of four enzyme systems [alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6-PGDH), phosphoglucomutase (PGM), and shikimate dehydrogenase (SKDH)] in Allium fistulosum L. by monitoring segregations in backcross and F2 progeny. Segregation for most of the polymorphisms fit the expected Mendelian ratios as tested by the chi-square statistic. Three new isozyme loci were defined for onion. Two loci were found for 6-PGDH. Locus one was dimeric with two alleles, and locus two was monomorphic. SKDH was monomeric with two alleles.

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