Storage of `McIntosh' apples (Malus domestica Borkh.) in high humidity (94% to 100% RH) or in 0.5% CO2 plus 1.0% O2 at 3C (LO) atmospheres decreased resistance to ethane diffusion relative to fruit stored in low humidity (75% RH) or in 5.0% CO2 plus 3.0% O2 at 3C (SCA), respectively. Loss of fruit firmness of SCA- or LO-stored `McIntosh' apples, determined immediately after storage or after 7 days at 20C, decreased with increased storage humidity in each of three crop years. Storage humidity did not significantly affect (P = 0.05) fruit titratable acids or soluble solids contents. High storage humidity (96% to 100% RH) generally increased the incidence of senescent disorders (consisting of senescent breakdown and senile brown core) in SCA-stored fruit, while humidities of 92% to 100% RH decreased the incidence of low-O2 injuries (epidermal bluing and cortical browning) in LO-stored fruit. Senescent disorders were found in SCA-stored fruit, but not in LO-stored fruit. The incidence of decay was not significantly affected by either storage humidity or atmosphere.
K.A. Sanford, P.D. Lidster, K.B. McRae, E.D. Jackson, R.A. Lawrence, R. Stark and R.K. Prange
Postharvest response of wild lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium Ait. and V. myrtilloides Michx.) to mechanical damage and storage temperature was studied during 2 years. Fruit weight loss and the incidence of shriveled or split berries were major components that contributed to the loss of marketable yield resulting from mechanical damage and storage temperature. Decay of berries resulted in only 1% to 2% of the total marketable fruit loss. In general, the major quality attributes (firmness, microbial growth, hue, bloom, split, and unblemished berries) deteriorated with increasing damage levels and increasing storage temperature without significant interaction. Temperature had consistent effects in both years on moisture content, soluble solids concentration, titratable acids, weight loss, shriveled and decayed berries, Hunter L values, and anthocyanin leakage, while damage level had inconsistent or no significant effect.