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  • Author or Editor: P. W. Leeper x
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Abstract

‘Freshmarket 9’ tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) sets over a wide range of temperatures (16° to 36°C) and humidities (above 80%), a characteristic that extends its production periods in spring and fall. ‘Freshmarket 9’ is a firm, deep-round tomato with superior crack resistance and is suited to vine ripe harvest. It is resistant to race 1 of Fusarium oxysporum Schl. f. sp. lycopersici (Sacc.) Synder and Hansen (fusarium wilt) and Stemphylium solani Weber (gray leaf spot). ‘Freshmarket 9’ was released in 1982 by the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station.

Open Access
Authors: and

Abstract

‘Processor 40’ is a jointless, square-round type tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) adapted to hand or machine harvest, lye peeling, and to processing as peeled whole tomato or tomato products. Its vine is small and determinate and the fruit are borne on short, stiff stems which hold much of the fruit off the ground. A large percentage of the fruit are set on terminal inflorescences which tends to concentrate the yield to the exterior of the plant. ‘Processor 40’ will set fruit at higher than normal temperatures (up to 36°C) with relative humidities of 80% and higher. It is resistant to race 1 of Fusarium oxysporium Schl. f. sp. lycopersici (Sacc.) Snyder and Hansen (Fusarium wilt) and to Stemphylium solani Weber (gray leaf spot). ‘Processor 40’ was released in 1982 by the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station.

Open Access

Abstract

The pericarp anatomy and vascular system of crack-resistant and susceptible tomato fruits was studied. Concentric crack resistance is possibly due to the configuration of the epidermal cells and the arrangement of the vascular system. Fruits showing resistance to concentric cracking possessed flattened epidermal cells. No consistent anatomical differences occurred to account for radial crack resistance. Fruits resistant to both types of cracking have a more extensive vascular system. Results indicate that the distribution of water absorbed by the fruit may be a factor in crack susceptibility or resistance.

Open Access

Abstract

The development of a high yielding, pink root-resistant [Pyrenochaeta terrestris (Hansen) Gorenz, Walker, and Larson], mild, sweet, shortday onion (Allium cepa L.) with improved shipping quality was the objective for the onion breeding program in the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station. ‘Texas Grano 1015Y’ (TG1015Y) is a very mild and sweet cultivar with those quality characteristics.

Open Access

Abstract

The development of a high yielding, pink root resistant, medium length storage shortday onion (Allium cepa L.) with improved shipping quality and maturing slightly later than ‘Texas Early Grano 502’ (TEG502) was the objective in the development of this cultivar. ‘Texas Grano 1025Y’ (TG1025Y) extends the South Texas onion season by 7 to 10 days beyond the ‘TEG502’ maturity season.

Open Access