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  • Author or Editor: P. J. Tvergyak x
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Diurnal leaf and fruit water Potentials (Ψ) of sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.) showed that fruit pedicel Ψ was always lower at 6 AM then leaf Ψ but leaf Ψ as usually lower during the day. Varietal differences in Ψ occur but fruit maturity does not appear to have an effect. Minimum fruit pedicel Ψ was reached at about 2 PM and then recovered to the earlier higher Ψ as water uptake occured during the night.

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In the mid-1980s, a statewide educational program was initiated to help improve productivity in replanted apple orchards. This effort began with a study of the background of the problem in Washington and an assessment of the problems growers faced when replanting orchards. An array of potential limiting factors were identified-most important, specific apple replant disease (SARD)-but also low soil pH, poor irrigation practices, arsenic (As) spray residues in the soil, soil compaction, nematodes, nutrient deficiencies, and selection of the appropriate orchard system. The educational program was delivered using a variety of methods to reach audience members with different learning styles and to provide various levels of technical information, focusing on ways to correct all limiting factors in replant situations. Results have been: Acceptance of soil fumigation as a management tool: increased recognition of soil physical, chemical, and moisture problems; reduced reliance on seedling rootstock, and an increase in the use of dwarfing, precocious understocks; and better apple tree growth and production in old apple orchard soils.

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