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  • Author or Editor: Otto Jesu Crocomo x
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Enio Tiago de Oliveira, Otto Jesu Crocomo, Tatiana Bistaco Farinha and Luiz Antônio Gallo

A protocol for large-scale Aloe vera (L.) Burm. f. production was established using micropropagation of apical buds. The effects of two chlorine-based disinfectants were evaluated on the survival of the explants in different treatments in a semisolidified Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium in the presence of 6-benzylaminopurine (6-BAP; 2 mg·L−1). During 120 days, 136 green apical shoots bearing axillary buds were multiplied four times at 30-day intervals in the same MS medium, reinoculating seven to nine explants per flask each time. The elongation and rooting processes were carried out in the same MS medium without 6-BAP. A total of 40,495 Aloe vera microplants were obtained, a yield of 300 microplants per apical bud at a rate of 1:5.3 in every multiplication period of 30 days. From that total, 38,480 Aloe vera microplants were successfully acclimatized transferring to 36- and 64-cell polyethylene trays containing proper substrate in two different ex vitro greenhouse conditions. After a 3-month period, fresh and dry matter weights of the Aloe vera plants were determined. All the data from each experimental phase were statistically analyzed. The use of 64-cell (40 cm3/cell) trays represented an economy of 47.37% in greenhouse space and 50% in the amount of substrate per Aloe vera plant.