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  • Author or Editor: Nasr Marei x
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Abstract

Fig fruits treated with 2-chloroethylphosphonic acid (Ethrel) during Period I (initial rapid growth) ceased growth and abscissed. Treatment during Period II (slow growth) stimulated growth and maturation, but quality equal to that of later maturing control fruits was not attained unless the fruits were treated late in Period II. Although Ethrel-treated fruits matured from two to more than three weeks earlier than control fruits, their ultimate average diameter, fresh and dry weights were not significantly different from the control.

Open Access

Abstract

Apricots on branches sprayed with Ethrel at the beginning of pit hardening abscised, whereas similar treatment with 2,4,5-T stimulated fruit growth and decreased drop. In the stem, gum ducts were formed in the xylem after treatment with Ethrel but not with 2,4,5-T, both at 100 ppm concentrations. Both Ethrel and 2,4,5-T stimulated cambial activity in petioles and midveins, thus increasing phloem and xylem tissues. Both growth regulators induced tylosis formation in petiole xylem. 2,4,5-T treatment caused increase in petiole diameter and leaf blade thickness, through increasing endopolyploidy and thus cell size in ground tissue of the petiole, and in mesophyll, epidermis and vascular bundle sheathes in the leaf blade. Ethrel caused little if any increase in cell size in those tissues, and therefore no obvious increase in petiole diameter and leaf blade thickness.

Open Access