Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 2 of 2 items for

  • Author or Editor: Mohammad Anis x
Clear All Modify Search
Free access

Mohd Faisal, Naseem Ahmad and Mohammad Anis

A protocol for rapid in vitro propagation of Ruta graveolens L. through high-frequency shoot induction from nodal explants was established. Proliferation of shoots from nodal segments was achieved on Murashige and Skoog medium supplemented with various concentrations of BA, Kin, IAA, and NAA, either singly or in various combinations. The highest shoot regeneration frequency (98.5%) and the highest number of shoots per explant (40.2 ± 2.8) was obtained on MS medium supplemented with 10 μm BA and 2.5 μm NAA. In vitro regenerated shoots rooted best on half-strength MS medium containing 0.5 μm IBA. Rooted shoots, following acclimatization in the greenhouse, were successfully transferred to field conditions, and 90% of plants survived. The efficient in vitro regeneration of the whole plant can be used as a fast and reliable method to transform R. graveolens genetically for its active principles.

Open access

Saad B. Javed, Abdulrahman A. Alatar, Mohammad Anis and Mohamed A. El-Sheikh

The coral tree (Erythrina variegata) is a multipurpose horticultural plant with a plethora of medicinally important alkaloids. Regeneration via tissue culture can provide an efficient alternative to seed-grown plantlets and reduce the cost of the plant significantly. Thidiazuron (TDZ) is an efficient plant growth regulator and is effective in numerous species. However, the response to it varies with the type and position of the tissue on the plantlet treated. This study was carried out to ascertain the best tissue types for micropropagation of the coral tree using TDZ. Three tissue types (shoot tip, nodal, and hypocotyl), originating from different strata of the plantlet were evaluated. Adventitious shoots were observed in all three explants at the tested concentrations. However the quality and the shoot number varied significantly with the type of explant. Explants with a meristematic zone (shoot tip and nodal) were more responsive to the treatment compared with hypocotyl tissue lacking preexisting meristem. Nodal explants produced the maximum number of shoots (about eight) per explant after 4 weeks of culture, whereas shoot tips produced about only five shoots per explant at an equimolar concentration (1.5 µm). Approximately three shoots were observed in hypocotyl explants. Moreover, growth and rooting of the regenerated shoots was influenced by the origin of the explants. The molecular characterization of the regenerants using intersimple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers revealed genetic homogeneity among regenerants. An efficient micropropagation method for the coral tree is described.