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  • Author or Editor: Mike Ely x
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Abstract

Prolonged physiological studies using gas mixtures containing μl/liter levels of a specific gas component (e.g. ethylene or propylene) require a flowthrough system to ensure that the plant or plant part under study is exposed to a relatively constant gas concn. This prevents tissue incorporations and/or emanations (e.g. biosynthesis of ethylene or CO2) from altering the physiological effective gas concn (1).

Open Access

Abstract

A simple, inexpensive method is presented to prepare an effective chemical scrubber which oxidizes volatile organic contaminants in gases. The scrubber is made by mixing 100 ml of 1 M KMnC4 per liter of dust-free Perlite in a large clear plastic bag.

Open Access

Abstract

Gas samples are often extracted from horticultural produce for analysis of ethylene, carbon dioxide, oxygen, and other gases by gas chromatography. This paper outlines procedures for extracting gas samples either by using a syringe needle to puncture a cavity within the fruit or vegetable or by subjecting the fruit or vegetable to a partial vacuum.

Open Access

Abstract

A device is described which maintains a set temperature ± 0.8°C from 5 to 30° above ambient in an inexpensive controlled-temperature chamber. Present construction cost is about $65. Ten chambers have performed satisfactorily during the past 3 years in research projects on chilling injury, seed germination, seeding growth, tissue culture growth, fruit storage, tree storage, and winter dormancy.

Open Access

Abstract

A 39-week production schedule is described in which container-grown apple trees (Malus domestica Borkh. cvs. Red Chief Delicious, Sundale Spur Golden Delicious, and Paulared) are cycled through 4 weeks of cold acclimation, 7 weeks of chilling, 5 weeks of growth before flowering, 21 weeks of fruit growth and maturation, and 2 weeks growth after fruit harvest.

Open Access

Abstract

A survey was conducted to measure the variability among gas chromatographic analyses of ethylene and the variability among the ethylene gas standards used in 22 laboratories in the United States and Canada. The linearity of gas chromatographic responses to injections of 10.0, 1.0, and 0.1 μl/l ethylene in air mixtures had an average coefficient of linear determination (R 2) of 0.9984, with a SD among the R 2 values of only 0.33%. The ethylene concentrations calculated for the laboratory standards varied from 11.3% higher to 21.7% lower than the value assumed by the participant; with an average variance of about 6% lower.

Open Access

Abstract

Firmness of ‘Starkrimson Delicious’ and ‘Golden Delicious’ apples was not significantly different when tested at 0° and 20°C after 26 weeks of storage at 0°. The volume of bruises produced in these cultivars by mechanical impact injury increased with increasing temperature (0°, 10°, 20°, and 30°) when injured, and with increasing holding temperature (0°, 10°, 20°, and 30°) during bruise development.

Open Access

Abstract

A 10-minute soak in 1.0 mm vitamin K5 reduced ethylene production over 90%, while doubling carbon dioxide production by cortical tissue from pre-climacteric apples (Malus domestica Borkh.). Reduced ethylene production persisted for at least 4 hours, while carbon dioxide production declined to rates not significantly different from the controls. Vitamin K5 also reduced ethylene production by 50% from quartered fruit of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) at different stages of maturity, and from cortex tissue from apples at or near their climacteric peak of ethylene production.

Open Access