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  • Author or Editor: Meng-Jen Wu x
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Potted miniature roses (Rosa × hybrids L. `Belle Sunblaze') held after production in simulated home conditions (21C, continuous fluorescent light) yellowed prematurely, flower buds and leaves abscised, and flower buds failed to open. These symptoms were accelerated when the plants were exposed to low concentrations (1 μl·liter-1) of ethylene in the absence of inhibitors. Spray application of 100 μl BA/liter reduced leaf yellowing but had no significant effect on flower opening or bud abscission. Spray application of 1 mm silver thiosulfate (STS) strongly promoted flower display but did not prevent leaf yellowing. A combined BA and STS treatment greatly improved the postproduction quality of rose plants, particularly if applied 1 day before harvest. Chemical name used: benzyladenine (BA).

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Potted miniature roses (Rosa hybrida `Belle Sunblaze') held after production in simulated home conditions performed poorly due to premature yellowing and abscission of buds and leaves, and failure of buds to open. These symptoms were accelerated when the plants were exposed to low concentrations (1 ppm) of ethylene. Spray application of 100 ppm 6-benzylaminopurine (BA) reduced yellowing, but had little effect on bud yellowing and flower opening. Application of 1 mM STS prevented the abscission of leaves and buds, although it only partly reduced leaf yellowing. A combined BA and STS treatment greatly improved the postproduction quality of rose plants, particularly if applied 1 day before harvesting.

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Continuous treatment with 8% ethanol doubled the vase life of `White Sim' carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L.) flowers. Other alcohols, other concentrations of ethanol, or pulse treatments with up to 8% ethanol had little or no effect. Butanol and longer-chain alcohols shortened vase life and caused the flower stem to fold. During their eventual senescence, the petals of ethanol-treated flowers did not inroll; instead, individual petals dried slowly from their tips. Very little ethylene was produced by ethanol-treated flowers, and the normal increase in ACC content and EFE activity was also suppressed. Ethanol treatment also decreased the flowers' sensitivity to exogenous ethylene.

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