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  • Author or Editor: Mary M. Saam x
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A protocol for in vitro propagation was developed with two dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) cultivars. Shoot cultures were initiated by placing seedling shoot tips (1.0 to 1.5 cm) on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium in which the effects of kinetin and BA alone or in combination with IAA or NAA were examined with regard to shoot multiplication and root or basal callus formation. The combination of BA (3.0 mg liter–1) and NAA (0.1 mg·liter–1) was most effective in shoot multiplication. At high concentrations of BA or kinetin (>10 mg·liter–1), shoot production and internode elongation decreased markedly and rosette-like cultures with multiple buds developed. Shoots were rooted on basal MS medium. Ramets grew to maturity in the greenhouse or field and produced fertile flowers, pods, and seeds. Chemical names used: N-(2-furanylmethyl)-1H-purin-6-amine (kinetin); N-(phenylmethyl)-1H-purin-6-amine (BA); 1H-indole-3-acetic acid (IAA); 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA).

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