Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 3 of 3 items for

  • Author or Editor: M.I. Cantwell x
Clear All Modify Search
Authors: and

Minimal processing of green onions (Allium cepa × A. fistulosum) involves trimming and removing damaged leaves, cutting of roots, and removal of the compressed stem. If the stem tissue is completely removed with the roots, the white inner leaf bases may extend, or “telescope,” during storage. Storage at 0 °C greatly retards extension growth, but storage at 5 °C results in unacceptable extension rates. To maintain high quality and to extend the shelf life of intact and minimally processed green onions, the potential benefits of heat treatments and controlled atmosphere storage were evaluated. Atmospheres of 0.1% to 0.2% O2 or 0.1% to 0.2% O2 containing 7.5% to 9.0% CO2 at 5 °C were the CA conditions that best maintained visual appearance and prolonged shelf life to more than 2 weeks in both intact and cut onions. No CA treatment completely controlled “telescoping” at 5 °C. Several heat treatment combinations (52.5 and 55 °C water for 4 and 2 min, respectively) of the white inner leaf bases were effective in controlling “telescoping” of cut green onions stored at 5 °C. The effective heat treatments resulted in higher average respiration rates during 12 days, but did not affect the visual quality or shelf life of the cut green onions. Total soluble sugars decreased in intact or cut green onions, but concentrations were maintained in heat -treated onions. Thiosulfinate concentrations did not vary importantly during 14 days at 5 °C, except for a reduction in heat-treated onions not stored under CA.

Free access

Relationships between storage quality attributes, such as russet spotting and browning intensity, and physiological attributes, such as soluble phenolic content and polyphenol oxidase (PPO) and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) activities, of minimally processed crisphead lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) were studied. The processed lettuce tissue was kept in air or air plus ethylene at 2 or 5 μl·liter-1 at 2.5 or 5C for 1 to 4 days and then transferred to air at 2.5, 5, or 20C for 1 to several days. None of the above physiological attributes of the initial samples from eight lettuce cultivars (Calmar, El Toro, Sea Green, Pacific, Monterey, Salinas 88, 86-13, and Nerone) and three maturity stages (immature, mature, and overmature) correlated with their storage quality. However, ethylene-induced PPO and PAL activities and browning intensity measured 3 to 4 days after harvest consistently and significantly correlated with the final visual quality of the ethylene-treated, minimally processed lettuce after 6 to 10 days of storage. Among these three attributes, ethylene induced a 2.5- to 5.3-fold increase in PAL activity, while the relative changes in PPO activity and browning intensity were only 23% to 68%. Ethylene-induced PAL activity possibly may be used as an index to predict the storage life of minimally processed lettuce.

Free access

Extension growth of minimally processed (removal of roots and compressed stem) green onions (Allium cepa L. × A. fistulosum L.) was greatly reduced by storage in air at 0 °C, while growth of 10-20 mm occurred at 5 °C over 10 days. Heat treatments of 52.5 and 55 -°C water for 4 and 2 min, respectively, were especially effective in reducing growth to less than 5 mm during 12-14 days at 5 °C. Growth was inhibited irrespective of whether the heat treatments were applied before or after cutting. Heat treatments resulted in higher average respiration rates during 12 days at 5 °C, but did not affect the overall visual quality or shelf life. Treatments with 52.5 °C water alone or in combination with different chlorine concentrations (50 to 400 mg·L-1 NaOCl, pH 7.0) were more effective than use of water or chlorine solutions at 20 °C for initial microbial disinfection.

Free access