Foliar application of 0.1 to 1% dikegulac-sodium [sodium 2,3:4,6-di-0-isopropyl-idene-2-keto-L-gulonate (Atrinal)] inhibited (shoot) elongation and axillary bud break for more than 3 months in field grown Xylosma congestum, (Lour.) Merr., Pyracantha coccinea (Roem.), Callistemon citrinus (Curt.), Cotoneaster pannosa (Franch.), and Nerium oleander L. Phytotoxic symptoms were minor in most species, but Nerium, chlorosis of young leaves and necrotic areas on tips of half expanded leaves were noted. Applications made immediately after pruning eliminated this problem. Fully expanded leaves were undamaged and their viability more than 5 months after treatment with 1% solutions were equal to that of control plants. Greenhouse trials with Eucalyptus globulus Labill., Fraxinus uhdei (Wenz.) lingelsh, and Ulmus parvifolia Jacq. indicated that this compound will also be a useful inhibitor for landscape tree species, although at 0.4%, phytotoxicity in Eucalyptus may be too severe for general application.