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  • Author or Editor: L. Ho x
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Alternative to the use of synthetic nitrogen fertilizers can be the utilization of a natural organic source of on-farm animal manure nutrients for the growth, development and production of agricultural crops. The main objective of this research was to compost the poultry manure with organic amendments and utilize for sweet corn production. The composition of composted and uncomposted poultry manure was compared and field experiments were conducted during 2002 and 2004 at Randolph farm of Virginia State Univ. located near Petersburg, Virginia. The field experiments included seven treatments: control with un-composted manure, four treatments with manure (composted with wheat straw turned weekly, composted with wheat straw turned bi-weekly, composted with clover hay turned weekly, and composted with clover hay turned bi-weekly), recommended rate of N fertilizer, and a control without any treatment. Results indicated that composting of poultry manure with an organic amendment such as wheat straw or clover hay helps poultry manure's transformation into a usable fertilizer material for supporting crop production. However, use of clover hay was observed to be desirable than wheat straw for sweet corn production. Addition of clover hay resulted in significantly increased ear fresh and dry weight and also resulted in taller plants. The affects of biweekly vs. weekly turning compost on performance of sweet corn were not significant.

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The effect of 12 and 16 hours of light on flowering was studied in field plot experiments with 1602 accessions of mung bean (Vigna radiata var. radiata) and 4 related species. Mung bean, adzuki bean, (V angularis (Willd.) Ohwi & Ohashi var. angularis) and moth bean (V. aconitifolia (Jacq.) Marechal) appear to have a high incidence of day-neutral types when compared with the black gram (V. mungo (L.) Hepper) and rice bean (V. umbellata (Thumb.) Ohwi & Ohaski) germplasm collections of mung bean and related species show an increase of day-neutral types of latitudes distant from the equator.

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