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  • Author or Editor: K.H. Kimball x
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Since the late 19th century when grape breeding began at the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, a major goal has been to combine certain fruit attributes of Vitis vinifera L. table grapes, such as seedlessness, crisp texture and adherent skin, with some of the vegetative characters of native American hybrid (V. labruscana, Bailey) grape cultivars such as disease resistance and winter cold hardiness. Crisp texture has been one of the more elusive goals. Of the 42 table grape cultivars released by the Experiment Station (2), only one seeded cultivar, ‘Alden’, combines an adherent skin and crisp texture. ‘Remaily Seedless’ combines seedlessness (stenospermocarpy), an adherent skin and crisp berry texture with adaptive traits favorable to northeastern North American viticulture.

Open Access

Abstract

‘Canadice’ (Fig. 1) has been released by the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station to fill the need for seedless grapes well adapted to the growing conditions in the viticultural areas of northeastern North America. It is the first of the “second generation” seedless grapes to be released from the Geneva grape breeding program. Previously, 5 seedless cultivars have been released from Geneva, all the result of crosses in which one parent is a winter tender cultivar of Vitis vinifera L. (2). They are at best somewhat susceptible to winter injury. ‘Canadice’ was produced from a cross between one of the Geneva seedless cultivars with another cultivar well adapted to the growing conditions of the northeast.

Open Access

Abstract

A major objective of the grape breeding program at Geneva has been to combine the seedless character available in certain grapes of Mediterranean origin with the winter cold hardiness and disease resistance of grapes of American origin so that the resulting progeny will be suited to the growing conditions of northeastern North America. From this program, 4 white and 1 red seedless (steno-spermocarpic) cultivars have been released and planted widely (2). There has been considerable demand for a blue, seedless grape similar to those already released. ‘Glenora’ meets this demand.

Open Access