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Jose Martínez-Calvo and María L. Badenes

Peach (Prunus persica L. Batsch) is the primary stone fruit grown in Spain. The area devoted to this crop has increased over the past 20 years. Spain ranks third in world production after China and Italy, producing 30% of the total peach crop in the European Union. The diversity in climate of the peach production regions in Spain allows an unusually long peach season, from late April to early November. The chill hours in the peach production areas range from 200 to 400 in the south (Andalucía) to more than 1000 in inland northeast regions (Aragón and Cataluña).

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Maria L. Badenes, Jose Martínez-Calvo, Helena Gómez, and Elena Zuriaga

‘Dama Taronja’ and ‘Dama Rosa’ are mid-early ripening apricot cultivars (Prunus armeniaca L.) from the apricot breeding program at Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Agrarias (IVIA). They have optimal productivity, excellent fruit quality, and self-compatibility, and are resistant to sharka Plum pox virus (PPV), a serious limiting factor for apricot fruit production in affected areas. Their fruits have excellent organoleptic characteristics and are notably larger than the traditional Valencian cultivars. In the last five crop years, the Valencia area had fewer chilling hours in winter and less rain than usual. These two varieties showed well adaptability to

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Jose Martínez-Calvo, Gerardo Llácer, and Marisa Luisa Badenes

‘Rafel’ and ‘Belgida’ are mid- to early-ripening apricot cultivars (Prunus armeniaca L.) with good yield, excellent fruit quality, self-compatibility, and resistance to Sharka, a disease caused by the Plum pox virus, a serious limiting factor for apricot production in Europe. Their fruits have excellent organoleptic characteristics and are larger than the traditional Valencian cultivars. ‘Rafel’ and ‘Belgida’ are very well adapted to the climatic conditions of the Valencia and Murcia areas.

Origin

‘Rafel’ and ‘Belgida’ both resulted from a cross made in 1993 at Valencia, Spain, between the North American cultivar Goldrich and the Spanish cultivar

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Jose Martínez-Calvo, Gerardo Llácer, and Maria Luisa Badenes

‘Moixent’ is a self-compatible, early-ripening apricot cultivar (Prunus armeniaca L.) with excellent fruit quality and resistance to sharka (plum pox virus), a serious disease limiting apricot fruit production in affected areas. ‘Moixent’ fruits have excellent organoleptic characteristics, significantly improved from other early cultivars available in the market. ‘Moixent’ is well adapted to areas with warm winter and Mediterranean climate and presents good fruit set and productivity.

Origin

‘Moixent’ resulted from a cross made in 1996 in Valencia, Spain, between the North American cultivar Goldrich (Washington State University) and a Spanish cultivar, of unknown origin, Miger (Fig. 1