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Dennis P. Stimart and John C. Mather

Cotyledons from developing embryos 6 to 8 weeks old of Liatris spicata (blazing star) were cultured on Murashige-Skoog (MS) medium containing 0, 0.4, 4.4, and 44.4 μ M benzyladenine (BA) or 0, 0.2, 2.2, and 22.2 μ M thidiazuron (TDZ) to induce adventitious shoot formation. The highest percent of cotyledons forming shoots with highest shoot counts was on medium containing 2.2 μ M TDZ. Vitreous shoots formed on medium with 22.2 μ M TDZ. Callus derived from cotyledons and cultured on medium containing 4.44 μ M BA or 2.2 μ M TDZ formed adventitious shoots with highest shoot counts on 4.44 μ M BA. Adventitious shoots derived from cotyledons and callus were rooted on MS medium with 5.0 μ Mindole-3-butyric acid, acclimatized and grown ex vitro. All micropropagated plants appeared similar to each other.

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Dennis P. Stimart and John C. Mather

Cotyledons from developing 6- to 8-week-old embryos of Liatris spicata (L.) Willd. (blazing star) were cultured on Murashige and Skoog medium containing 0, 0.4, 4.4, or 44.4 μm BA or 0, 0.2, 2.2, or 22.2 μm TDZ to induce adventitious shoot formation. The highest percentage of cotyledons forming the most shoots was on medium containing 2.2 μm TDZ. Cotyledon-derived callus cultured on medium containing 4.4 μm BA formed ≈16 times more adventitious shoots than on 2.2 μm TDZ. Adventitious shoots derived from cotyledons or callus produced roots when placed on MS medium containing 5.0 μm IBA. Regenerated plants that flowered in the field appeared homogeneous. Chemical names used: N6-benzyladenine (BA), thidiazuron (TDZ), indole-3-butyric acid (IBA).

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Dennis P. Stimart and John C. Mather

Actively growing shoots from Pulmonaria L. `Roy Davidson' were cultured in vitro on Murashige and Skoog medium containing benzyladenine (BA) to establish proliferating cultures. BA at 0, 0.4, 0.8, 4.4, 8.8, and 44.4 μm was compared for shoot proliferation and rooting response. Shoot count was highest on 8.8 μm BA with root count highest on 0 or 0.4 μm BA. Subculture 4 weeks later of shoots to the same treatments resulted in highest shoot counts on 44.4 μm BA. Optimum level for micropropagation was 8.8 or 44.4 μm BA. Greatest rooting was at 0 or 0.4 μm BA.

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Dennis P. Stimart, John C. Mather, and Kenneth R. Schroeder

Expanding shoot tips of Pulmonaria `Roy Davidson' and Pulmonaria saccharata `Margery Fish' were cultured in vitro on a modified Murashige and Skoog medium containing BA to establish proliferating cultures for use in comparing BA concentrations on shoot proliferation and rooting. The optimum level for shoot proliferation was 8.8 μm BA. Greatest rooting was on medium without BA. Genotype and time in culture influenced shoot and root counts. Chemical names used: N6-benzyladenine (BA)