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Jodie L. Ramsay, Donald S. Galitz and Chiwon W. Lee

Influences of culture media, sucrose, and growth regulator concentrations on plant regeneration from Easter lily (Lilium longiflorum L.) were investigated. Ovary tissues excised from unopened flower buds (3-10 cm long) were cultured on either B-5 medium or MS medium containing 2, 5, or 10% sucrose, 0.8% agar or Phytagel, and varying concentrations of 2,4-D, kinetin, naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) and benzyladenine (BA). Callus formation from explants was more prolific on MS medium than on B-5 medium and when cultures were initially placed in the dark for 20 days. Cultures grew best when the medium contained 5% sucrose. Shoot differentiation from callus was maximum when MS medium contained 1 mg/liter 2,4-D and 2 mg/liter BA. Roots developed when shoots were placed on the same medium with 1 mg/liter 2,4-D, 0.1 mg/liter NAA and 0.1 mg/liter kinetin. Rooted plants were successfully transferred into soil medium in a greenhouse.

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Jodie L. Ramsay, Donald S. Galitz and Chiwon W. Lee

Easter lily (Lilium longiflorum L.) cultivars Ace and Nellie White were regenerated through the culture of immature ovary tissues. Shoot initiation and proliferation were most efficient when a modified Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium containing 5% sucrose, 1 mg 2,4-D/liter, and 2 mg benzylamino purine (BAP)/liter was used. The shoots, when divided and subcultured on the same medium, formed roots within 4 weeks. The rooted plants were transferred to soil in a greenhouse. Root-tip smears made from the regenerated plants showed a range of variation in chromosome numbers from 10 to 25 per cell, in contrast to the bulb-grown plants, which had 2x = 24 chromosomes per cell. The mixoploid condition existed in many regenerants exhibiting chromosome number variation in different root cells of the same plant.

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Jodie L. Ramsay, Donald S. Galitz and Chiwon W. Lee

Influences of culture media and sucrose concentrations on plant regeneration from Easter lily (Lilium longiflorum L. cv. Ace) ovary tissues were investigated. Pistils excised from unopened flower buds (3-5 cm long) were sectioned and cultured on either B-5 medium or Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium containing 2%, 5%, or 10% sucrose, with 1 mg·L-1 2,4-D and 2 mg·L-1 BA. Callus formation was most prolific on MS medium containing 5% sucrose. Shoot differentiation was higher on MS medium than on B-5 medium. Rooted plants were transferred into soil medium and grown in a greenhouse. Root tip smears showed that 35% of the regenerated plants showed a variation in chromosome numbers from 10 to 25 per cell, while the rest of the regenerants showed the normal 2n = 2x = 24 chromosomes per cell. The mixoploid condition also existed in different root cells of the same regenerated plant. Chemical names used: 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D); 6-benzylaminopurine (BA).