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  • Author or Editor: Joan Krumme x
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The time of rest completion of `Apache', `Arapaho', `Chickasaw', `Darrow', `Kiowa', `Navaho', and `Shawnee' blackberry (Rubus subgenus Rubus Watson) buds was compared and various models for estimating chilling were evaluated. `Kiowa' and `Arapaho' buds had the shortest rest periods, while those for `Shawnee', `Navaho', and `Chickasaw' buds were intermediate. `Apache' and `Darrow' buds had the longest rest periods. The model that accounted for the variation in percent budbreak among cultivars and temperatures during two dormant periods had the following two components: 1) a chilling inception temperature of –2.2 °C and 2) weighted chilling hours that accumulated after the chilling inception temperature. The chilling hours in this model were weighted as follows: 0 to 9.1 °C = 1; 9.2 to 12.4 °C = 0.5; 12.5 to 15.9 °C = 0; 16 to 18 °C = –0.5; >18 °C = –1. This study also elucidated that a blackberry model with a chilling inception temperature of –2.2 °C estimated chilling more accurately than one with chilling inception just after the maximum negative accumulation of chill units as used in the Utah chilling model. Also, temperatures between 0 and 2.4 °C must be weighted more heavily in a blackberry model than in the Utah peach model to accurately estimate chilling and rest completion.

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