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- Author or Editor: Jeffrey B. Jones x
Resistance of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) to bacterial spot race T4 (Xanthomonas perforans) was characterized by generation means analysis (GMA) in three advanced breeding lines: Fla. 8326, Fla. 8233, and Fla. 8517. GMA of Fla. 8326 for two of three seasons (Fall 2006 and Summer 2007) indicated that resistance is mostly dominant with significant additive and epistatic effects. GMA of Fla. 8233 in Spring 2007 and of Fla. 8517 in Summer 2007 also showed dominance to be the main effect in addition to additive and epistatic effects. Duplicate dominance or recessive suppressor type epistasis was indicated in each breeding line. Transgressive segregation was not clearly observed in F2 populations of crosses between resistant parents, suggesting that these lines have quantitative trait loci in common.
Studies were conducted at three locations in Florida to evaluate the effects of kasugamycin alone, in alternation, or as a tank-mix partner with copper bactericides and other fungicides against bacterial spot of tomato. In greenhouse trials, kasugamycin, formulated as Kasumin® 2L, reduced bacterial spot severity by up to 37.5% compared with a non-treated control. Little advantage in disease control was observed by mixing kasugamycin with other fungicides. Kasugamycin was assessed in six field trials. In the four field trials that tested kasugamycin alone, it was as effective as the standard copper + mancozeb treatment for the control of bacterial spot. In four trials, no benefit was observed in applying kasugamycin as a mixture with copper + mancozeb, and only one of three trials did alternating kasugamycin with copper + mancozeb improve bacterial spot control over either the copper + mancozeb standard or kasugamycin alone. Although kasugamycin was effective for the control of bacterial spot in greenhouse and field trials, rapid development of resistance in field populations of X. perforans may shorten the effective use of this antibiotic.