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  • Author or Editor: Jack D. Early x
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Photoperiod is an important environmental signal for regulating developmental patterns in many plant species. In several species, photoperiodic regulation of gibberellin A1 biosynthesis has been implicated as the mechanism by which photoperiod may alter development. To examine this phenomenon in strawberry, Fragaria virginiana plants grown under long day (LD) and short day (SD) conditions with equivalent total PAR were examined to determine changes in vegetative growth and GA1 biosynthesis.

LD conditions (16 hr) promoted vegetative growth. Runner production, total leaf area, area of individual leaves, and petiole lengths, all increased under LD conditions. No runner production occurred under SD conditions (8 hr); however, the number of branch crowns increased.

Gibberellins A44, A19, A20, and A1, all from the GA1 biosynthetic pathway, were identified in plants under both LD and SD conditions. However, SD conditions appeared to affect the 2β-hydroxylation of GA20 to GA1. Whereas levels of most GAs decreased under SD conditions, levels of GA20 increased, and only trace amounts of GA1 were found, indicating a possible blockage of the pathway at this point. As GA1 is considered the active component of the pathway, blockage of GA20 conversion under SD conditions may explain the concomitant reduction in vegetative growth.

Free access

Olive fruit persistence is a crucial component of yield and an important factor in estimating alternate bearing potential.

Unfortunately, measurement of fruit persistence exhibit considerable variation, with coefficients of variation greater than 100. Such a high degree of variation makes field studies on questions regarding flowering and fruiting unmanageable due to the large number of experimental units necessary. To determine the source of this variation and how it might be reduced, comparisons of flower and fruit number per node were made within branches and trees over the course of two seasons. Results show that while the largest population of flowers are most distal on the branch, the central portion of the branch contains the majority of the final fruit population and has the lowest coefficient of variation. Furthermore, variation in the number of flowers and fruits is greater between branches than between nodes or trees. The implications of these data on experimental design are discussed and a design is proposed for reducing variation and labor needs.

Free access

Abstract

In the article “Endo-, Para-, and Ecodormancy: Physiological Terminology and Classification for Dormancy Research” by Gregory A. Lang, Jack D. Early, George C. Martin, and Rebecca L. Darnell (HortScience 22:371–377, June 1987), in the second column of Table 5 under part III-B (paradormancy), the term “Cryogenic endodormancy” should be changed to “Cryogenic paradormancy”.

Open Access

Abstract

Plant dormancy has a major impact on the cultivation of plants, influencing such processes as seed germination, flowering, and vegetative growth. The diversity of plant tissues that exhibit, or contribute to the manifestation of, dormancy is great, and there appear to be numerous mechanisms of dormancy induction or release. This complexity was discussed by Romberger (55) nearly 25 years ago. Yet his analysis of the unresolved challenges in dormancy research is still valid today, for the overall understanding of dormancy is limited. This lack of understanding may be due, in part, to the abundance of terminology that has arisen without a nomenclatural framework in which to classify and relate the events being described.

Open Access