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  • Author or Editor: J. M. Gaffney x
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Rooted cuttings of poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima Willd. ex. Klotzsch cvs. Annette Hegg Dark Red and Eckespoint C-1 Red) were grown under a 16-hour photoperiod in aggregate culture to determine the influence of NH4-N and NO3-N on plant growth. Plant height, number of nodes, and shoot dry weight were reduced with NH4 in comparison to NO3.NH4:NO3 combinations containing more than 50% (6 meq) NO3 produced superior growth. Stunting, leaf chlorosis and abscission, and stubby brown roots were observed on plants receiving any level of NH4 in the nutrient solution and increased in severity as the NH4 concentration increased. Inferior growth observed with the NH4 treatments was not due solely to the higher levels of Cl and SO4 in those solutions.

Open Access

Cotyledon explants were harvested from immature walnut fruits during July and August 1991. Media consisted of either WPM with 0.1 μM 2,4-D, 5.0 μM TDZ and 1.0 g/liter casein hydrolysate or DKW with 4.4 μM BA, 0.05 μM IBA, 9.3 μM Kinetin and 250 mg/liter l-glutamine. Treatments were arranged factorially with 2 gelling agents, 7 g/liter Sigma agar or 2 g/liter Gelrite and were incubated in light or in darkness. After 4 weeks, all explants were placed on basal DKW with no growth regulators and were cultured in darkness. The best treatment tested was from seeds collected 14 weeks post-anthesis on WPM, agar, and incubation in light (22 embryos/explant, 78% embryogenesis). Use of DKW and gelrite in darkness resulted in 1 embryo/explant and 38% embryogenesis. Up to 90% shoot organogenesis also occurred on cotyledon explants from seeds collected 16 weeks post-anthesis and placed on WPM. Shoots elongated on stationary liquid DKW with 10 μM BA.

Free access

Genetic transformation studies are aided by use of selection agents, such as antibiotics or herbicides. To determine the level of kanamycin to be used as a selection agent, cotyledonary stage somatic embryos from J. nigra lines J26 and J28, J. nigra × J. hindsii line S11, and J. regia line SU2 were placed on gelrite solidified WPM with 1 g/liter casein hydrolysate and 250 mg/liter cefotaxime and 3% (w/v) sucrose. Dosages for inhibiting secondary embryogenesis were 40 mg/liter kanamycin for J. nigra and J. nigra × J. hindsii and 100 mg/liter for J. regia. For the bialaphos experiments, somatic embryos of J. nigra lines J26 and J28 and J. nigra × J. hindsii line S11 were cultured on gelrite solidified LP medium with 0.5 g/liter casein hydrolysate and 3% (w/v) sucrose. Between 0.1 and 1.0 mg/liter bialaphos, inhibited secondary embryogenesis.

Free access