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  • Author or Editor: Hassan H. Nassar x
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There are many naturally occurring substances that have the potential to be adapted to modern pest control chemistry. Azadirachtin, an insect growth regulator, is one such naturally occurring compound that has been widely accepted in insect pest management. Quartenary benzophenanthridine alkaloids (QBAs) are known to be effective in the control of crop-damaging fungal diseases. QBAs can be isolated from plants in the Papaveraceae. Extracts of Macleaya cordata, a species rich in QBAs, were formulated for drench application to Cucumis sativa `White Wonder' seedlings. The seedlings were grown in a peat-lite medium using 10-cm plastic pots and inoculated with Rhizoctonia solani. Test formulations were prepared with and without QBAs and applied at 75, 150, and 300 ppm QBAs as a 100 ml/pot drench. The QBA formulations that provided effective control of Rhizoctonia solani lost 20% or fewer seedlings compared to the formulation without QBA, which lost more than 60% of the seedlings. Treated plants were evaluated confirming Rhizoctonia solani infection.

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Abstract

Inheritance of resistance to tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) was studied in the interspecific crosses Lycopersicon escutentum Mill. cv. UC 82 x Lycopersicon cheesmanii ssp. minor (Hook) C.H. Mill. LA 1401, and Lycopersicon esculentum cv. VF 145-B-7879 x Lycopersicon hirsutum Humb. and Bonpl. LA 386. Genetic populations were artificially inoculated with TYLCV prior to transplanting, and were later evaluated under field conditions. Reaction of parents, F2 and F3 plants, and backcrosses of resistant F2 plants to UC 82, indicated that resistance derived from L. cheesmanii seems to be recessive. Narrow sense heritability (NSH) was 0.44. Reaction of parental F1, F2, and backcross plants indicated that resistance derived from L. hirsutum is dominant and controlled by more than one gene.

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