You are looking at 1 - 6 of 6 items for
- Author or Editor: Harry Jan Swartz x
Shoot proliferation of Acer ginnala Maxim. (Amur maple) from nodal-segments was obtained on Murashige and Skoog salts and vitamins supplemented with 25 nM thidiazuron and 3% sucrose. Higher concentrations of cytokinin resulted in callus formation at the base of explants. Explant orientation had a significant effect on shoot elongation. Explant elongation and proliferation were correlated. Plants inverted in the medium elongated and proliferated readily. Branching was obtained primarily from axillary buds several nodes basal to the apex. Gelling agent type did not affect proliferation. Vitrification was significantly affected by type of gelling agent, gelling agent concentration and thidiazuron concentration. In vitro shoots rooted readily even in medium containing adenine. Greater than 95% of the in vitro plants established in the greenhouse.
In previous abstracts (HortScience 23:707;24:121), ABA when added throughout the in vitro production cycle, reversed the tissue culture-induced rejuvenation of the day neutral strawberry `Fern'. Compared to benzyl adenine (BA) proliferated plants, ABA treated tissue culture-produced plants flowered earlier and had more adult leaf patterns. In the present study, we analysed endogenous ABA concentrations in the apices and unexpanded leaves of BA treated tissue culture-propagated plants, selved seedlings and propagated adult runner tip plants at 3, 7 and 15 weeks ex vitro, after germination or after runner tip propagation. Using pentadeuterated standards and single ion monitoring, ABA concentrations in tissue culture produced and juvenile seedling plants were significantly lower than adult plants at 3 and 7 weeks. By 7 weeks, only the adult plants were flowering. At 15 weeks, no differences in ABA concentration were significant and all three types flowered.
Several authors report the synthesis of periclinal chimeras generated from graft unions of Solanaceous plants grown in the greenhouse. As this technique requires shoot organogenesis, in vitro conditions are necessary to adapt this technique to woody species. We now report several in vitro techniques necessary to mimic the in vivo graft chimera process. These include rootstock/scion preparation, micrografting and shoot organogenesis from graft unions. Zeatin and auxins have been helpful in preparing graftable material and for increasing the percentage successful grafts. A shorter exposure to organogenic medium containing thidiazuron resulted in greater percentage shoot regeneration from graft unions. Thorny/thornless Rubus and 'Liberty'/'Golden Delicious' or 'Gala' Malus (color) markers are being used to determine the percentage of these regenerants which are chimeral.
An efficient protocol for plantlet regeneration using petioles and internodes of two blackberry cultivars has been developed for use in genetic transformation. Maximum shoot regeneration was induced on MS medium supplemented with 5 μM Thidiazuron (TDZ) and 0.5 μM IBA. Preconditioning the source shoots on 0.5 μM TDZ containing MS medium did increase the number of regenerated shoots/explant, but did not affect the regeneration percentage. The antibiotic, kanamycin, significantly reduced the growth and regeneration of explants at 10 mg/L or higher. In contrast, cefatoxime at 100-500 mg/L increased explant growth and percentage regeneration.
Removal of bud scales hastened bud burst of several early and late blooming apple cultivars. Descaling was most effective during the onset and end of rest. During deep rest, bud scale removal was effective only when applied 2 weeks before forcing conditions. Extracts of bud scales inhibited apple bud break in vitro. Abscisic acid (ABA) may have been responsible for part or all of this bioactivity, since ABA occurred in bud scale diffusates and could replace or reinforce the bud scales in vitro. Wound-produced ethylene was not involved in the bud scale removal response.
Thornless blackberry plants were trained on 2 trellis types to determine the effect of primocane-floricane separation on plant productivity. Plants grown on a divided canopy had less shaded primocanes and more productive floricanes than those grown on a single canopy. Light interception was correlated positively to an increase in number of fruit per raceme and soluble solid/acid ratio. Dormant pruning had no effect on light interception or yield.