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  • Author or Editor: H. Inoue x
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Abstract

Fruit deformation, characterized by excessive enlargement, together with early coloring and premature softening of the ventral side, was observed in peach when 2-(m-chlorophenoxy)-propionamide (CPA) was applied for fruit thinning. The early maturing cvs., Garnet Beauty, and Sunhaven, were affected to a greater extent than ‘Redhaven’, ‘Richhaven’ and ‘Redskin’. The incidence of fruit deformation in ‘Redhaven’ was related to size of fruit at time of CPA treatment, a high incidence being observed when fruit were greater than 20 mm in length at time of treatment. Malformation was attributed to increased cell size in the mesocarp tissue at the suture region.

Open Access

Abstract

Levels of gibberellin (GA)-like substances were determined in sour cherry (Prunus cerasus L.) seed in relation to fruit development using the cucumber and dwarf pea bioassays. Two GA-like substances were found; one was soluble in ethyl acetate and the other, a more polar substance, in butanol. Concentrations of both substances increased to a maximum 14 days after anthesis and then decreased and remained low during Stage III. Changes in seed GA-like substances coincided with development of the seed components, nucellus, endosperm, and embryo, and the early enlargement of the pericarp, but not with subsequent development of the pericarp. Both the ethyl acetate- and butanol-soluble GA-like seed substances chromatographed at a lower Rf than GA3. The butanol-soluble component is probably not a glycoside, since no ethyl acetate-soluble GA was released on hydrolysis. The butanol-soluble component resembles GA32 in polarity, partitioning characteristics and Rf.

Open Access

Abstract

(2-Chloroethyl)phosphonic acid (ethephon) applied as a foliar spray to sweet cherry trees within 2 weeks of fruit maturity promoted fruit abscission at the lower (fruit:pedicel) zone, as indexed by a reduction in the fruit removal force (FRF). There was no significant effect, at the concn studied, on abscission at the upper (pedicel:peduncle) zone. Promotion of abscission with ethephon was time and concn dependent. Ethephon concn of 100 to 1000 ppm were effective with a greater response from the higher concn. Absorption periods of 4 and 24 hr resulted in responses equal to 73 and 94% of that observed when ethephon was present for the entire experimental period. Of 9 sweet cherry cultivars evaluated, all responded similarly in terms of reduction in FRF. Ethephon enhanced fruit enlargement and pigmentation when applied early in Stage III of fruit growth. The increase in wt was most pronounced in the fleshy pericarp tissue.

Open Access