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  • Author or Editor: G. Gusmini x
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Genetic linkage map is being constructed for watermelon based on a testcross population and an F2 population. The testcross map comprises 262 markers (RAPD, ISSR, AFLP, SSR and ASRP markers) and covers 1,350 cM. The map comprises 11 large linkage groups (50.7–155.2 cM), 5 medium-size linkage groups (37.5–46.2 cM), and 16 small linkage groups (4.2–31.4 cM). Most AFLP markers are clustered on two linkage regions, while all other marker types are randomly dispersed on the genome. Many of the markers in this study are skewed from the classical (Mendelian) segregation ratio of1:1 in the testcross or the 3:1 ratio in the F2 population. Although the skewed segregation, marker order appeared to be consistent in linkage groups of the testcross and F2 population. A cDNA library was constructed using RNA isolated from watermelon flesh 1 week (rapid cell division stage), 2 weeks (cell growth and storage deposition stage, 4 weeks (maturation stage), and 5 weeks (postmaturation stage) post pollination. Over 1,020 cDNA clones were sequenced, and were analyzed using the Basic Local Alignment Search Tool (BLAST). The sequenced cDNA clones were designated as expressed sequenced tag (EST) markers and will be used in mapping analysis of watermelon genome.

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A genetic linkage map was constructed for watermelon based on a testcross population and an F2 population. The testcross map includes 312 markers (RAPD, ISSR, AFLP, SSR, and ASRP). This map covered a genetic distance of 1385 cM, and identified 11 large (50.7-155.2 cm), five intermediate (37.5-46.2 cm), and 16 small linkage groups (4.2-31.4 cm). Most AFLP markers are clustered in two linkage regions, while all other markers are randomly dispersed throughout the genome. Many of the markers in this study were skewed from the classical (Mendelian) segregation ratio of 1:1 in the testcross or 3:1 in the F2 population. The order of the markers within linkage groups was similar in the testcross and F2 populations. Additionally, a cDNA library was constructed using RNA isolated from watermelon flesh 1 week (rapid cell division stage), 2 weeks (cell growth and storage deposition stage), 4 weeks (maturation stage), and 5 weeks (mature fruit) after pollination. More than 1020 cDNA clones were sequenced, and analyzed using the basic local alignment search Tool (BLAST). The sequenced cDNA clones were designated as expressed sequenced tag (EST). The ESTs were searched for simple sequence repeats. About 7% of the ESTs contained SSR motifs. The ESTs containing SSRs are being used to design PCR primers and the putative markers are being tested for polymorphism among the parental lines of the mapping populations. Polymorphic markers will then be mapped using the mapping populations.

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